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Journal of Animal Science
Aharoni, Y., ARO, Institute of Animal Science, Beef Cattle Department, Newe Ya'ar, PO Haifa, Israel.
Brosh, A., ARO, Institute of Animal Science, Beef Cattle Department, Newe Ya'ar, PO Haifa, Israel.
Holzer, Z., ARO, Institute of Animal Science, Beef Cattle Department, Newe Ya'ar, PO Haifa, Israel.
Young Holstein-Friesian bull calves were tested in three trials for their performance and digestive tract kinetic responses to diets differing in their fill volume (FV) in the digestive tract. In Trial 1, a high ME (11.7 MJ/kg of DM) diet was compared with three medium ME (10.5 MJ/kg of DM) diets, one of high FV and two of low FV. In Trial 2, two silages (wheat and sorghum), differing in FV, were compared with or without poultry litter inclusion. All the diets in this trial had the same ME content of 10.5 MJ/kg of DM. Rate of gain, DM and ME intake, and depot fat percentage at slaughter were recorded. In Trial 3, two diets (high and low FV) and the same ME content of 10.4 MJ/kg of DM were compared in a short-term trial for digestive tract kinetics using a single dose of Cr-NDF and Co-EDTA as particulate and solute markers, respectively. Calves in Trial 1 fed medium ME and low FV diets had higher (not significant) DMI than high ME calves but similar ADG, whereas medium ME and high FV calves had the lowest DMI (P < .1) and ADG (P < .05). Low FV and medium ME calves were leaner (P < .05) at slaughter than the high ME calves and fatter (not significant) than the high FV and medium ME calves. In Trial 2, reduction of FV by silage replacement increased DMI (P < .01) and ADG (P < .05). Incorporation of poultry litter into the diets resulted in effects in the same direction (not significant). Such a reduction caused increased (P < .01 for both silage end poultry litter effects) deposition of cod fat in the carcass. Mean retention time estimations in Trial 3 indicated increased (P = .055) particle retention time in the low FV calves, compared to the high FV calves. This increase was due to a longer (P = .1) stay of particles in the lower parts of the digestive tract, and not in the rumen. Lowering the FV of medium ME diets increased DMI of calves to support ADG equal to that of a high ME diet, but with a lower fat accumulation.
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הספר "אוצר וולקני"
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תנאי שימוש
Effects of fill volume of diets on digestive tract kinetics and fattening pattern of growing Holstein-Friesian bull calves.
73
Aharoni, Y., ARO, Institute of Animal Science, Beef Cattle Department, Newe Ya'ar, PO Haifa, Israel.
Brosh, A., ARO, Institute of Animal Science, Beef Cattle Department, Newe Ya'ar, PO Haifa, Israel.
Holzer, Z., ARO, Institute of Animal Science, Beef Cattle Department, Newe Ya'ar, PO Haifa, Israel.
Effects of fill volume of diets on digestive tract kinetics and fattening pattern of growing Holstein-Friesian bull calves.
Young Holstein-Friesian bull calves were tested in three trials for their performance and digestive tract kinetic responses to diets differing in their fill volume (FV) in the digestive tract. In Trial 1, a high ME (11.7 MJ/kg of DM) diet was compared with three medium ME (10.5 MJ/kg of DM) diets, one of high FV and two of low FV. In Trial 2, two silages (wheat and sorghum), differing in FV, were compared with or without poultry litter inclusion. All the diets in this trial had the same ME content of 10.5 MJ/kg of DM. Rate of gain, DM and ME intake, and depot fat percentage at slaughter were recorded. In Trial 3, two diets (high and low FV) and the same ME content of 10.4 MJ/kg of DM were compared in a short-term trial for digestive tract kinetics using a single dose of Cr-NDF and Co-EDTA as particulate and solute markers, respectively. Calves in Trial 1 fed medium ME and low FV diets had higher (not significant) DMI than high ME calves but similar ADG, whereas medium ME and high FV calves had the lowest DMI (P < .1) and ADG (P < .05). Low FV and medium ME calves were leaner (P < .05) at slaughter than the high ME calves and fatter (not significant) than the high FV and medium ME calves. In Trial 2, reduction of FV by silage replacement increased DMI (P < .01) and ADG (P < .05). Incorporation of poultry litter into the diets resulted in effects in the same direction (not significant). Such a reduction caused increased (P < .01 for both silage end poultry litter effects) deposition of cod fat in the carcass. Mean retention time estimations in Trial 3 indicated increased (P = .055) particle retention time in the low FV calves, compared to the high FV calves. This increase was due to a longer (P = .1) stay of particles in the lower parts of the digestive tract, and not in the rumen. Lowering the FV of medium ME diets increased DMI of calves to support ADG equal to that of a high ME diet, but with a lower fat accumulation.
Scientific Publication
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