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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Mild pre-heating of organic cation-exchanged clays enhances their interactions with nitrobenzene in aqueous environment
Year:
2010
Source of publication :
Adsorption
Authors :
בוחנובסקי, נדיה
;
.
בוריסובר, מיכאל
;
.
Volume :
16
Co-Authors:
Borisover, M., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Bukhanovsky, N., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Lapides, I., Institute of Chemistry, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Edmund Y. Safra Campus, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
Yariv, S., Institute of Chemistry, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Edmund Y. Safra Campus, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
223
To page:
232
(
Total pages:
10
)
Abstract:
Aqueous sorption kinetics and equilibrium isotherms of nitrobenzene were studied on two series of sorbents that were prepared by (i) replacing inorganic exchangeable cations in Wyoming bentonite with tetraethylammonium (TEA) and benzyltrimethylammonium (BTMA) and (ii) heating synthesized complexes in air at different temperatures (between 150 and 420°C). The aim of this work was to examine recently observed enhancement of aqueous sorption of a probe organic sorbate on organoclays after mild thermal pre-treatment of sorbents. Thermal pretreatment of TEA- and BTMA-clays at 150°C results in the maximal enhancement of nitrobenzene-sorbent interactions as compared with treatment of original bentonite and its exchange complexes formed with long-chain quaternary ammonium (n-hexadecyltrimethylammonium, HDTMA). Based on C, N content data and FTIR spectra of TEAand BTMA-clay complexes, no indications of decomposition of organic matter were found in organoclays heated at 250°C (and below this temperature). Suppressed hydration of pre-heated sorbents resulting in a lessening of water-organic sorbate competition for sorption sites is considered to be responsible for thermally induced enhancement of nitrobenzene-sorbent interactions. In the HDTMA-based organoclays, the long-chain aliphatic groups of the quaternary ammonium can additionally interact with clay surface thus competing with organic sorbate-sorbent surface interactions and, in this way, mitigating the enhancement of nitrobenzene sorption on thermally treated sorbents. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010.
Note:
Related Files :
Clay minerals
heating
Sorbent surface
Sorption sites
Tetraethylammonium
Thermal pre-treatment
Thermal treatment
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1007/s10450-010-9224-3
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
23703
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:02
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Scientific Publication
Mild pre-heating of organic cation-exchanged clays enhances their interactions with nitrobenzene in aqueous environment
16
Borisover, M., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Bukhanovsky, N., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Lapides, I., Institute of Chemistry, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Edmund Y. Safra Campus, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
Yariv, S., Institute of Chemistry, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Edmund Y. Safra Campus, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
Mild pre-heating of organic cation-exchanged clays enhances their interactions with nitrobenzene in aqueous environment
Aqueous sorption kinetics and equilibrium isotherms of nitrobenzene were studied on two series of sorbents that were prepared by (i) replacing inorganic exchangeable cations in Wyoming bentonite with tetraethylammonium (TEA) and benzyltrimethylammonium (BTMA) and (ii) heating synthesized complexes in air at different temperatures (between 150 and 420°C). The aim of this work was to examine recently observed enhancement of aqueous sorption of a probe organic sorbate on organoclays after mild thermal pre-treatment of sorbents. Thermal pretreatment of TEA- and BTMA-clays at 150°C results in the maximal enhancement of nitrobenzene-sorbent interactions as compared with treatment of original bentonite and its exchange complexes formed with long-chain quaternary ammonium (n-hexadecyltrimethylammonium, HDTMA). Based on C, N content data and FTIR spectra of TEAand BTMA-clay complexes, no indications of decomposition of organic matter were found in organoclays heated at 250°C (and below this temperature). Suppressed hydration of pre-heated sorbents resulting in a lessening of water-organic sorbate competition for sorption sites is considered to be responsible for thermally induced enhancement of nitrobenzene-sorbent interactions. In the HDTMA-based organoclays, the long-chain aliphatic groups of the quaternary ammonium can additionally interact with clay surface thus competing with organic sorbate-sorbent surface interactions and, in this way, mitigating the enhancement of nitrobenzene sorption on thermally treated sorbents. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010.
Scientific Publication
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