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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Ecological aspects of fish species interactions in polyculture ponds
Year:
1992
Source of publication :
Hydrobiologia
Authors :
מילשטיין, אנה
;
.
Volume :
231
Co-Authors:
Milstein, A., Fish and Aquaculture Research Station, Dor M.P., Hof HaCarmel, 30820, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
177
To page:
186
(
Total pages:
10
)
Abstract:
The relationships between cultivated fish species and their environment is largely dependent on the biological characteristics of the fish and the degree of intensification of the culture. In extensive and semi-intensive systems, based on natural production, stocking fish species of different feeding habits together enables a more efficient utilization of pond resources. In polyculture systems only a proper combination of ecologically different species at adequate densities will utilize the available resources efficiently, maximize the synergistic fish-fish and fish-environment relationships and minimize the antagonistic ones. Synergistic interactions among fish species may be explained on the basis of two interrelated processes: increase of food resources and improvement of environmental conditions. Antagonistic interactions occur between incompatible species combinations and when the stocking rates are balanced; in this case, the way the system is affected depends on the food chain level were the imbalance occurs. Several examples of synergism and antagonism at different levels of the food chain are analyzed in this paper. The knowledge of fish-fish and fish-environment quantitative relationships enables choosing adequate combinations of fish species, stocking rates, input types and rates, and other management decisions according to the specific local conditions: climate, quality of water supply and pond fertility, availability of fish fry and fingerlings, availability of feeds and fertilizers, and market requirements. © 1992 Kluwer Academic Puhlishers.
Note:
Related Files :
fishpond
Polyculture
species interaction
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1007/BF00018201
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
24049
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:04
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Scientific Publication
Ecological aspects of fish species interactions in polyculture ponds
231
Milstein, A., Fish and Aquaculture Research Station, Dor M.P., Hof HaCarmel, 30820, Israel
Ecological aspects of fish species interactions in polyculture ponds
The relationships between cultivated fish species and their environment is largely dependent on the biological characteristics of the fish and the degree of intensification of the culture. In extensive and semi-intensive systems, based on natural production, stocking fish species of different feeding habits together enables a more efficient utilization of pond resources. In polyculture systems only a proper combination of ecologically different species at adequate densities will utilize the available resources efficiently, maximize the synergistic fish-fish and fish-environment relationships and minimize the antagonistic ones. Synergistic interactions among fish species may be explained on the basis of two interrelated processes: increase of food resources and improvement of environmental conditions. Antagonistic interactions occur between incompatible species combinations and when the stocking rates are balanced; in this case, the way the system is affected depends on the food chain level were the imbalance occurs. Several examples of synergism and antagonism at different levels of the food chain are analyzed in this paper. The knowledge of fish-fish and fish-environment quantitative relationships enables choosing adequate combinations of fish species, stocking rates, input types and rates, and other management decisions according to the specific local conditions: climate, quality of water supply and pond fertility, availability of fish fry and fingerlings, availability of feeds and fertilizers, and market requirements. © 1992 Kluwer Academic Puhlishers.
Scientific Publication
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