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Economic Botany
Yaniv, Z., Dept. of Genetic Rsrc. and Seed Res., A.R.O., Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Schafferman, D., Dept. of Genetic Rsrc. and Seed Res., A.R.O., Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Amar, Z., Dept. of Eretz Israel Studies, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel
Eruca sativa (rocket) is a native plant of Israel, documented in the old literature. A survey was conducted of the old literature of ancient Israel, including Jewish, Classical and Islamic sources up to the Middle ages. It was found that rocket was used as a garden crop and spice. It was also known as a medicinal plant and was used as an aphrodisiac, for eye infections, and for digestive and kidney problems. It is important to note that special attention was given in the old times to biodiversity within the rocket species. In the light of its high erucic acid content, native accessions were collected and evaluated as a potential future source of industrial oil. Ten accessions of Eruca sativa were cultivated in Bet-Dagan experimental farm during the 1995/96 growing season. Physiological as well as chemical parameters were recorded. Erucic acid (C 22:1) and eicosenoic acid (C 20:1) contents varied from 33 to 45% and from 7.3% to 9.8%, respectively. Special attention was given to the expressed biodiversity among the accessions and its relation to their origins.
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Tradition, uses and biodiversity of Rocket (Eruca Sativa, Brassicaceae) in Israel
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Yaniv, Z., Dept. of Genetic Rsrc. and Seed Res., A.R.O., Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Schafferman, D., Dept. of Genetic Rsrc. and Seed Res., A.R.O., Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Amar, Z., Dept. of Eretz Israel Studies, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel
Tradition, uses and biodiversity of Rocket (Eruca Sativa, Brassicaceae) in Israel
Eruca sativa (rocket) is a native plant of Israel, documented in the old literature. A survey was conducted of the old literature of ancient Israel, including Jewish, Classical and Islamic sources up to the Middle ages. It was found that rocket was used as a garden crop and spice. It was also known as a medicinal plant and was used as an aphrodisiac, for eye infections, and for digestive and kidney problems. It is important to note that special attention was given in the old times to biodiversity within the rocket species. In the light of its high erucic acid content, native accessions were collected and evaluated as a potential future source of industrial oil. Ten accessions of Eruca sativa were cultivated in Bet-Dagan experimental farm during the 1995/96 growing season. Physiological as well as chemical parameters were recorded. Erucic acid (C 22:1) and eicosenoic acid (C 20:1) contents varied from 33 to 45% and from 7.3% to 9.8%, respectively. Special attention was given to the expressed biodiversity among the accessions and its relation to their origins.
Scientific Publication
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