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Land Degradation and Development
Mamedov, A.I., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel, Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry, ANAS, M.Arifstr 5, Baku, Azerbaijan, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey
Bar-Yosef, B., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Levkovich, I., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Rosenberg, R., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Silber, A., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Fine, P., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Levy, G.J., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Application of organic wastes to cultivated lands can replace mineral fertilizers but may also alter soil physical properties and enhance pollution potential. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of biosolids [composted manure (MC) and activated sludge (AS)] and specific biosolid component [orthophosphate (OP), phytic acid (PA) and humic acid (HA)] application on soils differing in texture [loamy-sand (Ramat-HaKovesh, RH), loam (Gilat, GL) and clay (Bet-Dagan, BD)], infiltration rate, runoff volume and soil sediment loss. The soils were packed in erosion boxes (400 × 200 × 40 mm) and subjected to six consecutive simulated rainstorms, each of 186 mm deionized water. The results showed that runoff volume and sediment loss from untreated soils increased with increasing clay contents. In treated soils, the response to AS application differed from the response to other amendments; in the BD clay and GL loam, it was the only amendment that caused a decrease in sediment removed by runoff. In the RH loamy-sand, all amendments reduced the final infiltration rate, but only AS and HA increased the measured runoff. It is proposed that the difference in the response of the soils to the amendments is associated with the soil's ability to attenuate changes in the negative charge on the clay edges following the increase in the specific adsorption of charged anions, thus controlling clay swelling and maintaining aggregate integrity. The effects of amending soils with a source of organic matter in order to control runoff and soil erosion are not straight forward and depend on soil and amendment properties. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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תנאי שימוש
Amending Soil with Sludge, Manure, Humic Acid, Orthophosphate and Phytic Acid: Effects on Infiltration, Runoff and Sediment Loss
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Mamedov, A.I., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel, Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry, ANAS, M.Arifstr 5, Baku, Azerbaijan, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey
Bar-Yosef, B., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Levkovich, I., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Rosenberg, R., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Silber, A., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Fine, P., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Levy, G.J., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Amending Soil with Sludge, Manure, Humic Acid, Orthophosphate and Phytic Acid: Effects on Infiltration, Runoff and Sediment Loss
Application of organic wastes to cultivated lands can replace mineral fertilizers but may also alter soil physical properties and enhance pollution potential. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of biosolids [composted manure (MC) and activated sludge (AS)] and specific biosolid component [orthophosphate (OP), phytic acid (PA) and humic acid (HA)] application on soils differing in texture [loamy-sand (Ramat-HaKovesh, RH), loam (Gilat, GL) and clay (Bet-Dagan, BD)], infiltration rate, runoff volume and soil sediment loss. The soils were packed in erosion boxes (400 × 200 × 40 mm) and subjected to six consecutive simulated rainstorms, each of 186 mm deionized water. The results showed that runoff volume and sediment loss from untreated soils increased with increasing clay contents. In treated soils, the response to AS application differed from the response to other amendments; in the BD clay and GL loam, it was the only amendment that caused a decrease in sediment removed by runoff. In the RH loamy-sand, all amendments reduced the final infiltration rate, but only AS and HA increased the measured runoff. It is proposed that the difference in the response of the soils to the amendments is associated with the soil's ability to attenuate changes in the negative charge on the clay edges following the increase in the specific adsorption of charged anions, thus controlling clay swelling and maintaining aggregate integrity. The effects of amending soils with a source of organic matter in order to control runoff and soil erosion are not straight forward and depend on soil and amendment properties. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Scientific Publication
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