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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Amending Soil with Sludge, Manure, Humic Acid, Orthophosphate and Phytic Acid: Effects on Infiltration, Runoff and Sediment Loss
Year:
2016
Source of publication :
Land Degradation and Development
Authors :
בר-יוסף, בניהו
;
.
זילבר, אבנר
;
.
לבקוביץ', אירית
;
.
לוי, גיא
;
.
ממדוב, אמרח
;
.
פיין, פנחס
;
.
רוזנברג, רבקה
;
.
Volume :
27
Co-Authors:
Mamedov, A.I., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel, Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry, ANAS, M.Arifstr 5, Baku, Azerbaijan, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey
Bar-Yosef, B., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Levkovich, I., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Rosenberg, R., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Silber, A., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Fine, P., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Levy, G.J., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
1629
To page:
1639
(
Total pages:
11
)
Abstract:
Application of organic wastes to cultivated lands can replace mineral fertilizers but may also alter soil physical properties and enhance pollution potential. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of biosolids [composted manure (MC) and activated sludge (AS)] and specific biosolid component [orthophosphate (OP), phytic acid (PA) and humic acid (HA)] application on soils differing in texture [loamy-sand (Ramat-HaKovesh, RH), loam (Gilat, GL) and clay (Bet-Dagan, BD)], infiltration rate, runoff volume and soil sediment loss. The soils were packed in erosion boxes (400 × 200 × 40 mm) and subjected to six consecutive simulated rainstorms, each of 186 mm deionized water. The results showed that runoff volume and sediment loss from untreated soils increased with increasing clay contents. In treated soils, the response to AS application differed from the response to other amendments; in the BD clay and GL loam, it was the only amendment that caused a decrease in sediment removed by runoff. In the RH loamy-sand, all amendments reduced the final infiltration rate, but only AS and HA increased the measured runoff. It is proposed that the difference in the response of the soils to the amendments is associated with the soil's ability to attenuate changes in the negative charge on the clay edges following the increase in the specific adsorption of charged anions, thus controlling clay swelling and maintaining aggregate integrity. The effects of amending soils with a source of organic matter in order to control runoff and soil erosion are not straight forward and depend on soil and amendment properties. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Note:
Related Files :
Biological materials
biosolids
Cultivated lands
Dispersion (waves)
runoff
sediment loss
soil conservation
Soils
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1002/ldr.2474
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
24229
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:06
Scientific Publication
Amending Soil with Sludge, Manure, Humic Acid, Orthophosphate and Phytic Acid: Effects on Infiltration, Runoff and Sediment Loss
27
Mamedov, A.I., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel, Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry, ANAS, M.Arifstr 5, Baku, Azerbaijan, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey
Bar-Yosef, B., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Levkovich, I., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Rosenberg, R., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Silber, A., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Fine, P., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Levy, G.J., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Amending Soil with Sludge, Manure, Humic Acid, Orthophosphate and Phytic Acid: Effects on Infiltration, Runoff and Sediment Loss
Application of organic wastes to cultivated lands can replace mineral fertilizers but may also alter soil physical properties and enhance pollution potential. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of biosolids [composted manure (MC) and activated sludge (AS)] and specific biosolid component [orthophosphate (OP), phytic acid (PA) and humic acid (HA)] application on soils differing in texture [loamy-sand (Ramat-HaKovesh, RH), loam (Gilat, GL) and clay (Bet-Dagan, BD)], infiltration rate, runoff volume and soil sediment loss. The soils were packed in erosion boxes (400 × 200 × 40 mm) and subjected to six consecutive simulated rainstorms, each of 186 mm deionized water. The results showed that runoff volume and sediment loss from untreated soils increased with increasing clay contents. In treated soils, the response to AS application differed from the response to other amendments; in the BD clay and GL loam, it was the only amendment that caused a decrease in sediment removed by runoff. In the RH loamy-sand, all amendments reduced the final infiltration rate, but only AS and HA increased the measured runoff. It is proposed that the difference in the response of the soils to the amendments is associated with the soil's ability to attenuate changes in the negative charge on the clay edges following the increase in the specific adsorption of charged anions, thus controlling clay swelling and maintaining aggregate integrity. The effects of amending soils with a source of organic matter in order to control runoff and soil erosion are not straight forward and depend on soil and amendment properties. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Scientific Publication
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