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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Investigation of four classes of non-nodulating white sweetclover (Melilotus alba annua Desr.) Mutants and their responses to arbuscular-mycorrhizal fungi
Year:
2002
Authors :
דוד-שוורץ, רקפת
;
.
קפולניק, יורם
;
.
Volume :
42
Co-Authors:
Lum, M.R., Department of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1606, United States
Li, Y., Department of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1606, United States
Larue, T.A., Boyce Thompson Institute, Tower Road, Ithaca, NY 14853-1801, United States
David-Schwartz, R., Agronomy and Natural Resources Department, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Kapulnik, Y., Agronomy and Natural Resources Department, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Hirsch, A.M., Department of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1606, United States, Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1606, United States
Facilitators :
From page:
295
To page:
303
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:
The nitrogen-fixing symbiosis between Rhizobiaceae and legumes is one of the best-studied interactions established between prokaryotes and eukaryotes. The plant develops root nodules in which the bacteria are housed, and atmospheric nitrogen is fixed into ammonia by the rhizobia and made available to the plant in exchange for carbon compounds. It has been hypothesized that this symbiosis evolved from the more ancient arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis, in which the fungus associates with roots and aids the plant in the absorption of mineral nutrients, particularly phosphate. Support comes from several fronts: 1) legume mutants where Nod- and Myc- co-segregate, and 2) the fact that various early nodulin (ENOD) genes are expressed in legume AM. Both strongly argue for the idea that the signal transduction pathways between the two symbioses are conserved. We have analyzed the responses of four classes of non-nodulating Melilotus alba (white sweetclover) mutants to Glomus intraradices (the mycorrhizal symbiont) to investigate how Nod- mutations affect the establishment of this symbiosis. We also re-examined the root hair responses of the non-nodulating mutants to Sinorhizobium meliloti (the nitrogen-fixing symbiont). Of the four classes, several sweetclover sym mutants are both Nod- and Myc-. In an attempt to decipher the relationship between nodulation and mycorrhiza formation, we also performed co-inoculation experiments with mutant rhizobia and Glomus intraradices on Medicago sativa, a close relative of M. alba. Even though sulfated Nod factor was supplied by some of the bacterial mutants, the fungus did not complement symbiotically defective rhizobia for nodulation.
Note:
Related Files :
Eukaryota
fungi
Medicago sativa
Melilotus alba
Prokaryota
Sinorhizobium
Sinorhizobium meliloti
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר מתוך כינוס
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
24462
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:07
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Scientific Publication
Investigation of four classes of non-nodulating white sweetclover (Melilotus alba annua Desr.) Mutants and their responses to arbuscular-mycorrhizal fungi
42
Lum, M.R., Department of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1606, United States
Li, Y., Department of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1606, United States
Larue, T.A., Boyce Thompson Institute, Tower Road, Ithaca, NY 14853-1801, United States
David-Schwartz, R., Agronomy and Natural Resources Department, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Kapulnik, Y., Agronomy and Natural Resources Department, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Hirsch, A.M., Department of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1606, United States, Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1606, United States
Investigation of four classes of non-nodulating white sweetclover (Melilotus alba annua Desr.) Mutants and their responses to arbuscular-mycorrhizal fungi
The nitrogen-fixing symbiosis between Rhizobiaceae and legumes is one of the best-studied interactions established between prokaryotes and eukaryotes. The plant develops root nodules in which the bacteria are housed, and atmospheric nitrogen is fixed into ammonia by the rhizobia and made available to the plant in exchange for carbon compounds. It has been hypothesized that this symbiosis evolved from the more ancient arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis, in which the fungus associates with roots and aids the plant in the absorption of mineral nutrients, particularly phosphate. Support comes from several fronts: 1) legume mutants where Nod- and Myc- co-segregate, and 2) the fact that various early nodulin (ENOD) genes are expressed in legume AM. Both strongly argue for the idea that the signal transduction pathways between the two symbioses are conserved. We have analyzed the responses of four classes of non-nodulating Melilotus alba (white sweetclover) mutants to Glomus intraradices (the mycorrhizal symbiont) to investigate how Nod- mutations affect the establishment of this symbiosis. We also re-examined the root hair responses of the non-nodulating mutants to Sinorhizobium meliloti (the nitrogen-fixing symbiont). Of the four classes, several sweetclover sym mutants are both Nod- and Myc-. In an attempt to decipher the relationship between nodulation and mycorrhiza formation, we also performed co-inoculation experiments with mutant rhizobia and Glomus intraradices on Medicago sativa, a close relative of M. alba. Even though sulfated Nod factor was supplied by some of the bacterial mutants, the fungus did not complement symbiotically defective rhizobia for nodulation.
Scientific Publication
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