חיפוש מתקדם
Journal of Virology
Kyostio, S.R.M., Lab. of Molecular/Cellular Biology, NIDDK, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States
Owens, R.A., Lab. of Molecular/Cellular Biology, NIDDK, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States
Weitzman, M.D., Lab. of Molecular/Cellular Biology, NIDDK, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States
Antoni, B.A., Lab. of Molecular/Cellular Biology, NIDDK, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States
Chejanovsky, N., Lab. of Molecular/Cellular Biology, NIDDK, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States
Carter, B.J., Lab. of Molecular/Cellular Biology, NIDDK, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States
The rep gene of adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV) encodes four overlapping Rep proteins that are involved in gene regulation and replication of the virus. We studied here the regulation of mRNA transcribed from the AAV p5 and p19 promoters, using transient expression in human 293 cells followed by Northern (RNA) blot analysis of the mRNA. The p5 transcript encodes the larger Rep proteins, Rep78 and Rep68, while the p19 transcript encodes the smaller proteins, Rep52 and Rep40. A plasmid (pNTC3) containing the entire AAV genome with an amber mutation in the rep gene accumulated higher levels of p5 and p19 mRNA than a plasmid containing the wild-type AAV genome. Addition of increasing amounts of the wild-type rep gene in trans from a heterologous promoter inhibited p5 and p19 mRNA accumulation from pNTC3, indicating that the levels of both transcripts were decreased by the Rep proteins. Cotransfections with plasmids producing individual wild-type Rep proteins in trans showed that p5 and p19 mRNA accumulation was inhibited 5- to 10-fold by Rep78 and Rep68 and 2- to 3-fold by Rep52 and Rep- 40. Analysis of carboxyl-terminal truncation mutants of Rep78 showed that the ability of Rep78 to decrease p5 and p19 mRNA levels was lost when 159 or more amino acids were deleted. Rep78 and Rep68 mutants deleted for the methionine at residue 225 showed decreased abilities to down-regulate both p5 and p19 transcript levels, while mutants containing a substitution of glycine for the methionine resembled the wild-type Rep78. A Rep78 protein with a mutation in the putative nucleoside triphosphate binding site inhibited expression from p5 but not from p19, suggesting that the regulation of p5 transcript levels by Rep78 and Rep68 differs from that of p19. A deletion analysis of AAV cis sequences revealed that an intact terminal repeat was not required for negative regulation of p5 and p19 transcript levels and that the regulation of p19 mRNA levels by Rep78 did not require the presence of the p5 promoter.
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הספר "אוצר וולקני"
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תנאי שימוש
Analysis of adeno-associated virus (AAV) wild-type and mutant rep proteins for their abilities to negatively regulate AAV p5 and p19 mRNA levels
68
Kyostio, S.R.M., Lab. of Molecular/Cellular Biology, NIDDK, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States
Owens, R.A., Lab. of Molecular/Cellular Biology, NIDDK, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States
Weitzman, M.D., Lab. of Molecular/Cellular Biology, NIDDK, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States
Antoni, B.A., Lab. of Molecular/Cellular Biology, NIDDK, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States
Chejanovsky, N., Lab. of Molecular/Cellular Biology, NIDDK, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States
Carter, B.J., Lab. of Molecular/Cellular Biology, NIDDK, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States
Analysis of adeno-associated virus (AAV) wild-type and mutant rep proteins for their abilities to negatively regulate AAV p5 and p19 mRNA levels
The rep gene of adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV) encodes four overlapping Rep proteins that are involved in gene regulation and replication of the virus. We studied here the regulation of mRNA transcribed from the AAV p5 and p19 promoters, using transient expression in human 293 cells followed by Northern (RNA) blot analysis of the mRNA. The p5 transcript encodes the larger Rep proteins, Rep78 and Rep68, while the p19 transcript encodes the smaller proteins, Rep52 and Rep40. A plasmid (pNTC3) containing the entire AAV genome with an amber mutation in the rep gene accumulated higher levels of p5 and p19 mRNA than a plasmid containing the wild-type AAV genome. Addition of increasing amounts of the wild-type rep gene in trans from a heterologous promoter inhibited p5 and p19 mRNA accumulation from pNTC3, indicating that the levels of both transcripts were decreased by the Rep proteins. Cotransfections with plasmids producing individual wild-type Rep proteins in trans showed that p5 and p19 mRNA accumulation was inhibited 5- to 10-fold by Rep78 and Rep68 and 2- to 3-fold by Rep52 and Rep- 40. Analysis of carboxyl-terminal truncation mutants of Rep78 showed that the ability of Rep78 to decrease p5 and p19 mRNA levels was lost when 159 or more amino acids were deleted. Rep78 and Rep68 mutants deleted for the methionine at residue 225 showed decreased abilities to down-regulate both p5 and p19 transcript levels, while mutants containing a substitution of glycine for the methionine resembled the wild-type Rep78. A Rep78 protein with a mutation in the putative nucleoside triphosphate binding site inhibited expression from p5 but not from p19, suggesting that the regulation of p5 transcript levels by Rep78 and Rep68 differs from that of p19. A deletion analysis of AAV cis sequences revealed that an intact terminal repeat was not required for negative regulation of p5 and p19 transcript levels and that the regulation of p19 mRNA levels by Rep78 did not require the presence of the p5 promoter.
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