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Superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide in the yeast antagonist-fruit interaction: A new role for reactive oxygen species in postharvest biocontrol?
Year:
2010
Source of publication :
Postharvest Biology and Technology
Authors :
דרובי, סמיר
;
.
Volume :
58
Co-Authors:
Macarisin, D., USDA-ARS, 2217 Wiltshire Road, Kearneysville, WV 25430, United States, USDA-ARS, BARC, Beltsville, MD 20705, United States
Droby, S., Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Bauchan, G., USDA-ARS, Electron and Confocal Microscopy Unit, 10300 Baltimore Ave. Bldg. 465, BARC-East, Beltsville MD 20705, United States
Wisniewski, M., USDA-ARS, 2217 Wiltshire Road, Kearneysville, WV 25430, United States
Facilitators :
From page:
194
To page:
202
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:
The importance of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in plant defense responses against certain pathogens is well documented. There is some evidence that microbial biocontrol agents also induce a transient production of ROS in a host plant which triggers local and systemic defense responses to pathogens. The ability of biocontrol agents used to control postharvest diseases to induce defense-related oxidative responses in fruits, however, has not been explored. Here we show that the yeast antagonists, Metschnikowia fructicola (strain 277) and Candida oleophila (strain 182) generate greater levels of super oxide anion (O2-) on intact fruit surfaces (poor in nutrients) then those applied on a nutrient-poor agar medium. Even though yeast antagonists show a high level of O2- on nutrient-rich media, when applied on fruits around wounds (areas abundant in nutrients) accumulation of O2-, as detected by nitro blue tetrazolium staining, occurred much more rapidly on the latter. Using laser scanning confocal microscopy we observed that the application of M. fructicola and C. oleophila into citrus and apple fruit wounds correlated with an increase in H2O2 accumulation in host tissue. In citrus fruit, the level of H2O2 around inoculated wounds increased by 4-fold compared to controls (wounds inoculated with water) as early as 18h after inoculation. Yeast continued to stimulate H2O2 production in citrus fruit up to 66h after inoculation and H2O2 levels were still 3-fold above the control. Living yeast cells were detected in fruit wounds at this time point indicating the ability of M. fructicola to tolerate host ROS, which has been reported to be an intrinsic characteristic of efficient yeast antagonists. Similar increase in H2O2 accumulation around yeast-inoculated wounds was observed in apple fruit exocarp. The present data, together with our earlier discovery of the importance of H2O2 production in the defense response of citrus flavedo to postharvest pathogens, indicate that the yeast-induced oxidative response in fruit exocarp may be associated with the ability of specific yeast species to serve as biocontrol agents for the management of postharvest diseases. © 2010.
Note:
Related Files :
candida
Candida oleophila
Malus x domestica
Metschnikowia fructicola
Postharvest biological control
reactive oxygen species
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.postharvbio.2010.07.008
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
24817
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:10
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide in the yeast antagonist-fruit interaction: A new role for reactive oxygen species in postharvest biocontrol?
58
Macarisin, D., USDA-ARS, 2217 Wiltshire Road, Kearneysville, WV 25430, United States, USDA-ARS, BARC, Beltsville, MD 20705, United States
Droby, S., Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Bauchan, G., USDA-ARS, Electron and Confocal Microscopy Unit, 10300 Baltimore Ave. Bldg. 465, BARC-East, Beltsville MD 20705, United States
Wisniewski, M., USDA-ARS, 2217 Wiltshire Road, Kearneysville, WV 25430, United States
Superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide in the yeast antagonist-fruit interaction: A new role for reactive oxygen species in postharvest biocontrol?
The importance of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in plant defense responses against certain pathogens is well documented. There is some evidence that microbial biocontrol agents also induce a transient production of ROS in a host plant which triggers local and systemic defense responses to pathogens. The ability of biocontrol agents used to control postharvest diseases to induce defense-related oxidative responses in fruits, however, has not been explored. Here we show that the yeast antagonists, Metschnikowia fructicola (strain 277) and Candida oleophila (strain 182) generate greater levels of super oxide anion (O2-) on intact fruit surfaces (poor in nutrients) then those applied on a nutrient-poor agar medium. Even though yeast antagonists show a high level of O2- on nutrient-rich media, when applied on fruits around wounds (areas abundant in nutrients) accumulation of O2-, as detected by nitro blue tetrazolium staining, occurred much more rapidly on the latter. Using laser scanning confocal microscopy we observed that the application of M. fructicola and C. oleophila into citrus and apple fruit wounds correlated with an increase in H2O2 accumulation in host tissue. In citrus fruit, the level of H2O2 around inoculated wounds increased by 4-fold compared to controls (wounds inoculated with water) as early as 18h after inoculation. Yeast continued to stimulate H2O2 production in citrus fruit up to 66h after inoculation and H2O2 levels were still 3-fold above the control. Living yeast cells were detected in fruit wounds at this time point indicating the ability of M. fructicola to tolerate host ROS, which has been reported to be an intrinsic characteristic of efficient yeast antagonists. Similar increase in H2O2 accumulation around yeast-inoculated wounds was observed in apple fruit exocarp. The present data, together with our earlier discovery of the importance of H2O2 production in the defense response of citrus flavedo to postharvest pathogens, indicate that the yeast-induced oxidative response in fruit exocarp may be associated with the ability of specific yeast species to serve as biocontrol agents for the management of postharvest diseases. © 2010.
Scientific Publication
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