חיפוש מתקדם
Israel Journal of Plant Sciences
Gross, M., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel, Department of Plant Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel, Department of Biology, Academic College of Education, Oranim College, Tiv'on 36006, Israel
Joel, D.M., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Cohen, Y., Department of Plant Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
Bar, E., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Friedman, J., Department of Plant Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
Lewinsohn, E., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Bitter fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill. var. vulgare, Apiaceae) is a common perennial hemicryptophyte, used since antiquity as a medicinal and aromatic herb in the Mediterranean basin. We describe the anatomical specialization and some of the factors that affect phenylpropene accumulation in the fruits of a t-anethole-rich chemotype during development. Histological examination of fruits by longitudinal sections indicated that each oil duct is an elongated cavity with a series of internal septa at 200-400 μm intervals. Oleoresin accumulation is accompanied by an increase in the oil duct area, as observed in transversal cross sections in early stages of development (from the yellow bud stage to the open flower stage). Upon maturation, oleoresin is further accumulated due to increased duct volume as a result of duct elongation. The main component of the oleoresin, t-anethole, is synthesized during flowering and in the early stages of fruit development, as monitored by the levels of S-adenosine methionine: t-anol O-methyltransferase activity. Upon transition from the waxy fruit stage (28 days after the yellow bud stage) to fully ripe fruit (42 days after the yellow bud stage) O-methyltransferase activity apparently ceases, indicating the cessation of de novo biosynthesis, while oleoresin levels remain constant, likely due to a lack of further metabolism and minimal volatilization, as indicated by apparent high lignification of the cells lining the oil ducts. © 2007 Science From Israel / LPPLtd.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Ontogenesis of mericarps of bitter fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill. var. vulgare) as related to t-anethole accumulation
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Gross, M., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel, Department of Plant Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel, Department of Biology, Academic College of Education, Oranim College, Tiv'on 36006, Israel
Joel, D.M., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Cohen, Y., Department of Plant Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
Bar, E., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Friedman, J., Department of Plant Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
Lewinsohn, E., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Ontogenesis of mericarps of bitter fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill. var. vulgare) as related to t-anethole accumulation
Bitter fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill. var. vulgare, Apiaceae) is a common perennial hemicryptophyte, used since antiquity as a medicinal and aromatic herb in the Mediterranean basin. We describe the anatomical specialization and some of the factors that affect phenylpropene accumulation in the fruits of a t-anethole-rich chemotype during development. Histological examination of fruits by longitudinal sections indicated that each oil duct is an elongated cavity with a series of internal septa at 200-400 μm intervals. Oleoresin accumulation is accompanied by an increase in the oil duct area, as observed in transversal cross sections in early stages of development (from the yellow bud stage to the open flower stage). Upon maturation, oleoresin is further accumulated due to increased duct volume as a result of duct elongation. The main component of the oleoresin, t-anethole, is synthesized during flowering and in the early stages of fruit development, as monitored by the levels of S-adenosine methionine: t-anol O-methyltransferase activity. Upon transition from the waxy fruit stage (28 days after the yellow bud stage) to fully ripe fruit (42 days after the yellow bud stage) O-methyltransferase activity apparently ceases, indicating the cessation of de novo biosynthesis, while oleoresin levels remain constant, likely due to a lack of further metabolism and minimal volatilization, as indicated by apparent high lignification of the cells lining the oil ducts. © 2007 Science From Israel / LPPLtd.
Scientific Publication
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