חיפוש מתקדם
Biosystems Engineering
Tanny, J., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Dicken, U., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Cohen, S., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shading banana and other orchard crops with screens is becoming increasingly popular due to decreased water use and increased fruit quality. This study focused on vertical variations in airflow, turbulence characteristics and energy balance in a large commercial flat-roof banana screenhouse in northern Israel whose dimensions were 300m long, 230m wide and 6m high. The measurements were conducted on a tower situated near the centre of the screenhouse allowing a minimum fetch of 110m in all wind directions. Two measurement campaigns were carried out within the same screenhouse but at different development stages of the banana plantation. In the first campaign, measurements were made with two 3-axis sonic anemometers located at 5m and 3.55m above the ground from July 28 to August 7 (2006), when the mean plant height was 3.13m. In the second campaign, two eddy covariance (EC) systems were deployed on the same tower at 5.37m and 4.75m above the ground, from August 31 to September 18 (2006), when the mean plant height was 4m. Results show that, within the screenhouse, the friction velocity was independent of height. Evapotranspiration measured by the lower and upper EC systems averaged 5.56 and 4.24mmday-1, respectively. Energy balance closure analysis resulted in a slope of 1.02 and intercept of 22.5Wm-2, for the lower EC system, and a slope of 0.87 and intercept of 11.6Wm-2 for the upper one. These differences can be partially explained by different flux footprints at the two levels. The results suggested that in the screenhouse environment there is an ideal height for good evapotranspiration measurements by the EC technique, which is close to the canopy top, and this results in better energy balance closure. © 2010 IAgrE.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Vertical variation in turbulence statistics and energy balance in a banana screenhouse
106
Tanny, J., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Dicken, U., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Cohen, S., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Vertical variation in turbulence statistics and energy balance in a banana screenhouse
Shading banana and other orchard crops with screens is becoming increasingly popular due to decreased water use and increased fruit quality. This study focused on vertical variations in airflow, turbulence characteristics and energy balance in a large commercial flat-roof banana screenhouse in northern Israel whose dimensions were 300m long, 230m wide and 6m high. The measurements were conducted on a tower situated near the centre of the screenhouse allowing a minimum fetch of 110m in all wind directions. Two measurement campaigns were carried out within the same screenhouse but at different development stages of the banana plantation. In the first campaign, measurements were made with two 3-axis sonic anemometers located at 5m and 3.55m above the ground from July 28 to August 7 (2006), when the mean plant height was 3.13m. In the second campaign, two eddy covariance (EC) systems were deployed on the same tower at 5.37m and 4.75m above the ground, from August 31 to September 18 (2006), when the mean plant height was 4m. Results show that, within the screenhouse, the friction velocity was independent of height. Evapotranspiration measured by the lower and upper EC systems averaged 5.56 and 4.24mmday-1, respectively. Energy balance closure analysis resulted in a slope of 1.02 and intercept of 22.5Wm-2, for the lower EC system, and a slope of 0.87 and intercept of 11.6Wm-2 for the upper one. These differences can be partially explained by different flux footprints at the two levels. The results suggested that in the screenhouse environment there is an ideal height for good evapotranspiration measurements by the EC technique, which is close to the canopy top, and this results in better energy balance closure. © 2010 IAgrE.
Scientific Publication
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