חיפוש מתקדם
Animal Science
Gootwine, E., Department of Animal Reproduction, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Centre, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Pollott, G.E., Imperial College at Wye, University of London, Ashford, Kent TN25 5AH, United Kingdom
This study investigated the factors affecting milk production and lactation curve parameters from the complete lactations of Awassi dairy sheep. The animals were kept in a single flock under intensive management and milked twice daily starting at lambing. Lambs were removed from the ewes at birth into an artificial rearing unit. The results of the analyses of 3740 complete lactations showed a mean Utter size of 1.28 lambs born per ewe lambing and average total milk yield of 5061 from lactations 214 days in length and with an average lambing interval of 330 days. Mean lactation number was 3.71 and ewes conceived on average in the 6th month of the lactation. The lactations peaked on day 45 at a yield of 3.441. The maximum milk secretion potential of the ewes was 3.9 I/day, with milk yield increasing at 62 g/day mid way between lambing and peak yield and declining at 16.5 g/day mid way between peak and the end of lactation. Age at first lambing, lactation number, litter size, month of lambing and month of conception during the lactation had significant effects (P < 0.05) on some or all of the lactation parameters investigated. Relatively high milk yield was obtained in lactations starting in the January to March period. The monthly effect on milk production was explained by significant (P < 0.05) heat load and photoperiod effects. High milk production was found to have a significant (P < 0.05) adverse effect on reproductive performance. Conception followed a significant (P < 0.05) short term variation in milk production. © 2000 British Society of Animal Science.
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תנאי שימוש
Factors affecting milk production in Improved Awassi dairy ewes
71
Gootwine, E., Department of Animal Reproduction, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Centre, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Pollott, G.E., Imperial College at Wye, University of London, Ashford, Kent TN25 5AH, United Kingdom
Factors affecting milk production in Improved Awassi dairy ewes
This study investigated the factors affecting milk production and lactation curve parameters from the complete lactations of Awassi dairy sheep. The animals were kept in a single flock under intensive management and milked twice daily starting at lambing. Lambs were removed from the ewes at birth into an artificial rearing unit. The results of the analyses of 3740 complete lactations showed a mean Utter size of 1.28 lambs born per ewe lambing and average total milk yield of 5061 from lactations 214 days in length and with an average lambing interval of 330 days. Mean lactation number was 3.71 and ewes conceived on average in the 6th month of the lactation. The lactations peaked on day 45 at a yield of 3.441. The maximum milk secretion potential of the ewes was 3.9 I/day, with milk yield increasing at 62 g/day mid way between lambing and peak yield and declining at 16.5 g/day mid way between peak and the end of lactation. Age at first lambing, lactation number, litter size, month of lambing and month of conception during the lactation had significant effects (P < 0.05) on some or all of the lactation parameters investigated. Relatively high milk yield was obtained in lactations starting in the January to March period. The monthly effect on milk production was explained by significant (P < 0.05) heat load and photoperiod effects. High milk production was found to have a significant (P < 0.05) adverse effect on reproductive performance. Conception followed a significant (P < 0.05) short term variation in milk production. © 2000 British Society of Animal Science.
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