חיפוש מתקדם
Experimental and Applied Acarology
Maoz, Y., Department of Entomology, Newe-Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), P.O. Box 1021, 30095 Ramat Yishay, Israel, Department of Entomology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, POB 12, 76100 Rehovot, Israel
Gal, S., Department of Entomology, Newe-Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), P.O. Box 1021, 30095 Ramat Yishay, Israel
Argov, Y., Citrus Division, Israel Cohen Institute for Biological Control, Plant Production and Marketing Board, POB 54, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Domeratzky, S., Citrus Division, Israel Cohen Institute for Biological Control, Plant Production and Marketing Board, POB 54, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Melamed, E., Citrus Division, Israel Cohen Institute for Biological Control, Plant Production and Marketing Board, POB 54, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Gan-Mor, S., Institute of Agricultural Engineering, ARO, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Coll, M., Department of Entomology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, POB 12, 76100 Rehovot, Israel
Palevsky, E., Department of Entomology, Newe-Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), P.O. Box 1021, 30095 Ramat Yishay, Israel
The citrus rust mite (CRM), Phyllocoptruta oleivora (Acari: Eriophyidae) is a cosmopolitan key pest of citrus, inflicting severe economic damage if not controlled. In Israel, CRM damages all citrus cultivars. International regulation and increasing control failures of CRM led growers to seek sustainable biological control solutions such as acarine biological control agents. Laboratory studies conducted in Israel have indicated that the indigenous predator species Amblyseius swirskii, Iphiseius degenerans, Typhlodromus athiasae and Euseius scutalis (all Acari: Phytoseiidae) can potentially control CRM. Our general objective in the present study was to bridge the gap of knowledge between laboratory studies and the lack of control efficacy of these species in commercial orchards. Predator augmentation in the field showed that although predator populations increased immediately following releases they later decreased and did not affect CRM populations. When A. swirskii augmentation was combined with a series of maize pollen applications, A. swirskii populations were enhanced substantially and continuously but again CRM populations were not affected. Growth chamber studies with CRM-infested seedlings, with or without a maize pollen supplement, indicated that pollen provisioning led to population increase of E. scutalis and A. swirskii but only E. scutalis significantly lowered CRM populations. Control with E. scutalis was confirmed in the field on CRM infested seedlings with pollen provisioned by adjacent flowering Rhodes grass. While experiments in mature citrus orchard showed that pollen supplement usually increased predator populations they also indicated that other factors such as intraguild interactions and pesticide treatments should be taken into account when devising CRM biological control programs. © 2014 Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Efficacy of indigenous predatory mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) against the citrus rust mite Phyllocoptruta oleivora (Acari: Eriophyidae): Augmentation and conservation biological control in Israeli citrus orchards
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Maoz, Y., Department of Entomology, Newe-Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), P.O. Box 1021, 30095 Ramat Yishay, Israel, Department of Entomology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, POB 12, 76100 Rehovot, Israel
Gal, S., Department of Entomology, Newe-Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), P.O. Box 1021, 30095 Ramat Yishay, Israel
Argov, Y., Citrus Division, Israel Cohen Institute for Biological Control, Plant Production and Marketing Board, POB 54, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Domeratzky, S., Citrus Division, Israel Cohen Institute for Biological Control, Plant Production and Marketing Board, POB 54, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Melamed, E., Citrus Division, Israel Cohen Institute for Biological Control, Plant Production and Marketing Board, POB 54, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Gan-Mor, S., Institute of Agricultural Engineering, ARO, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Coll, M., Department of Entomology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, POB 12, 76100 Rehovot, Israel
Palevsky, E., Department of Entomology, Newe-Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), P.O. Box 1021, 30095 Ramat Yishay, Israel
Efficacy of indigenous predatory mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) against the citrus rust mite Phyllocoptruta oleivora (Acari: Eriophyidae): Augmentation and conservation biological control in Israeli citrus orchards
The citrus rust mite (CRM), Phyllocoptruta oleivora (Acari: Eriophyidae) is a cosmopolitan key pest of citrus, inflicting severe economic damage if not controlled. In Israel, CRM damages all citrus cultivars. International regulation and increasing control failures of CRM led growers to seek sustainable biological control solutions such as acarine biological control agents. Laboratory studies conducted in Israel have indicated that the indigenous predator species Amblyseius swirskii, Iphiseius degenerans, Typhlodromus athiasae and Euseius scutalis (all Acari: Phytoseiidae) can potentially control CRM. Our general objective in the present study was to bridge the gap of knowledge between laboratory studies and the lack of control efficacy of these species in commercial orchards. Predator augmentation in the field showed that although predator populations increased immediately following releases they later decreased and did not affect CRM populations. When A. swirskii augmentation was combined with a series of maize pollen applications, A. swirskii populations were enhanced substantially and continuously but again CRM populations were not affected. Growth chamber studies with CRM-infested seedlings, with or without a maize pollen supplement, indicated that pollen provisioning led to population increase of E. scutalis and A. swirskii but only E. scutalis significantly lowered CRM populations. Control with E. scutalis was confirmed in the field on CRM infested seedlings with pollen provisioned by adjacent flowering Rhodes grass. While experiments in mature citrus orchard showed that pollen supplement usually increased predator populations they also indicated that other factors such as intraguild interactions and pesticide treatments should be taken into account when devising CRM biological control programs. © 2014 Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
Scientific Publication
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