חיפוש מתקדם
FEBS Letters
Cohen, R., Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, United States
Jensen Jr., K.A., USDA Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, WI 53726, United States
Houtman, C.J., USDA Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, WI 53726, United States
Hammel, K.E., Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, United States, USDA Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, WI 53726, United States
It is often proposed that brown rot basidiomycetes use extracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) to accomplish the initial depolymerization of cellulose in wood, but little evidence has been presented to show that the fungi produce these oxidants in physiologically relevant quantities. We used [14C]phenethyl polyacrylate as a radical trap to estimate extracellular ROS production by two brown rot fungi, Gloeophyllum trabeum and Postia placenta, that were degrading cellulose. Both fungi oxidized aromatic rings on the trap to give monohydroxylated and more polar products in significant yields. All of the cultures contained 2,5-dimethoxyhydroquinone, a fungal metabolite that has been shown to drive Fenton chemistry in vitro. These results show that extracellular ROS occur at significant levels in cellulose colonized by brown rot fungi, and suggest that hydroquinone-driven ROS production may contribute to decay by diverse brown rot species. © 2002 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
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תנאי שימוש
Significant levels of extracellular reactive oxygen species produced by brown rot basidiomycetes on cellulose
531
Cohen, R., Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, United States
Jensen Jr., K.A., USDA Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, WI 53726, United States
Houtman, C.J., USDA Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, WI 53726, United States
Hammel, K.E., Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, United States, USDA Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, WI 53726, United States
Significant levels of extracellular reactive oxygen species produced by brown rot basidiomycetes on cellulose
It is often proposed that brown rot basidiomycetes use extracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) to accomplish the initial depolymerization of cellulose in wood, but little evidence has been presented to show that the fungi produce these oxidants in physiologically relevant quantities. We used [14C]phenethyl polyacrylate as a radical trap to estimate extracellular ROS production by two brown rot fungi, Gloeophyllum trabeum and Postia placenta, that were degrading cellulose. Both fungi oxidized aromatic rings on the trap to give monohydroxylated and more polar products in significant yields. All of the cultures contained 2,5-dimethoxyhydroquinone, a fungal metabolite that has been shown to drive Fenton chemistry in vitro. These results show that extracellular ROS occur at significant levels in cellulose colonized by brown rot fungi, and suggest that hydroquinone-driven ROS production may contribute to decay by diverse brown rot species. © 2002 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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