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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Managing Botrytis cinerea on tomatoes in greenhouses in the Mediterranean
Year:
1995
Source of publication :
Crop Protection
Authors :
אלעד, יגאל
;
.
שטיינברג, דני
;
.
Volume :
14
Co-Authors:
Elad, Y., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Gullino, M.L., Department of Crop Protection, Universita Degli Studi di Torino, Via P. Giuria 15, 10126 Torino, Italy
Shtienberg, D., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Aloi, C., Department of Crop Protection, Universita Degli Studi di Torino, Via P. Giuria 15, 10126 Torino, Italy
Facilitators :
From page:
105
To page:
109
(
Total pages:
5
)
Abstract:
Nine experiments were carried out from 1989 to 1992 in Israel and in northern Italy in greenhouse-produced tomatoes infected with Botrytis cinerea Pers., Fr. In Israel B. cinerea affected leaves, stems and fruits (both rot and ghost spot symptoms were apparent). In Italy, the only symptom of the disease was fruit rot. Several fungicides, fungicide mixtures and spraying programmes were applied. Some trials also included a biological preparation based on Trichoderma harzianum isolates T39 and TF. Although a dicarboximide-resistant population of the pathogen existed in all greenhouses, dicarboximide fungicides (iprodione or procymidone) applied alone suppressed the disease by 40-88%, as effectively as its mixture with thiram, dichlofluanid or tebuconazole. Similar disease suppression was achieved by mixtures of tebuconazole + dichlofluanid and carbendazim + diethofencarb. Trichoderma harzianum T39 alone reduced disease by 31-82% but in more than half of the cases the reduction was non-significant. Disease control achieved by the biocontrol preparations did not differ significantly (p = 0.05) from that achieved by the chemical fungicides. Adequate control was achieved when the biocontrol and the chemical products were applied alternately although the quantity of chemical sprays was reduced by one half. The consistency among treatments in the various trials with respect to percent disease control was greater in the T. harzianum-fungicide alternation treatments, than that in the T. harzianum or the fungicide treatments applied alone. © 1995.
Note:
Related Files :
biological control
Botrytis cinerea
fungicides
Lycopersicon esculentum
Lycopersicum esculentum
Trichoderma harzianum
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/0261-2194(95)92863-I
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
25441
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:15
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Managing Botrytis cinerea on tomatoes in greenhouses in the Mediterranean
14
Elad, Y., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Gullino, M.L., Department of Crop Protection, Universita Degli Studi di Torino, Via P. Giuria 15, 10126 Torino, Italy
Shtienberg, D., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Aloi, C., Department of Crop Protection, Universita Degli Studi di Torino, Via P. Giuria 15, 10126 Torino, Italy
Managing Botrytis cinerea on tomatoes in greenhouses in the Mediterranean
Nine experiments were carried out from 1989 to 1992 in Israel and in northern Italy in greenhouse-produced tomatoes infected with Botrytis cinerea Pers., Fr. In Israel B. cinerea affected leaves, stems and fruits (both rot and ghost spot symptoms were apparent). In Italy, the only symptom of the disease was fruit rot. Several fungicides, fungicide mixtures and spraying programmes were applied. Some trials also included a biological preparation based on Trichoderma harzianum isolates T39 and TF. Although a dicarboximide-resistant population of the pathogen existed in all greenhouses, dicarboximide fungicides (iprodione or procymidone) applied alone suppressed the disease by 40-88%, as effectively as its mixture with thiram, dichlofluanid or tebuconazole. Similar disease suppression was achieved by mixtures of tebuconazole + dichlofluanid and carbendazim + diethofencarb. Trichoderma harzianum T39 alone reduced disease by 31-82% but in more than half of the cases the reduction was non-significant. Disease control achieved by the biocontrol preparations did not differ significantly (p = 0.05) from that achieved by the chemical fungicides. Adequate control was achieved when the biocontrol and the chemical products were applied alternately although the quantity of chemical sprays was reduced by one half. The consistency among treatments in the various trials with respect to percent disease control was greater in the T. harzianum-fungicide alternation treatments, than that in the T. harzianum or the fungicide treatments applied alone. © 1995.
Scientific Publication
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