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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Elimination of grapevine virus A (GVA) by cryopreservation of in vitro-grown shoot tips of Vitis vinifera L
Year:
2003
Source of publication :
Plant Science
Authors :
גפני, רון
;
.
מוואסי, מוניר
;
.
Volume :
165
Co-Authors:
Wang, Q., Tolkovsky Laboratory, Department of Virology, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel, Fac. Agric., Food/Environ. Qual. S., Institute of Plant Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot IL-76100, Israel
Mawassi, M., Tolkovsky Laboratory, Department of Virology, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Li, P., Tolkovsky Laboratory, Department of Virology, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Gafny, R., Tolkovsky Laboratory, Department of Virology, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Sela, I., Fac. Agric., Food/Environ. Qual. S., Institute of Plant Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot IL-76100, Israel
Tanne, E., Tolkovsky Laboratory, Department of Virology, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
321
To page:
327
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
Methods for the cryopreservation of in vitro-grown shoot tips of grapevine were recently developed [1,2]. The present study demonstrates that grapevine virus A (GVA) can be successfully eliminated from naturally infected grapevine by cryopreservation of in vitro-grown shoot tips. The various steps taken before freezing in liquid nitrogen did not, by themselves, eliminate GVA. However, the freezing step resulted in 97% GVA elimination. The size of the shoot tips used for cryopreservation influenced their survival rate, while viral eradication was independent of their size in the range of 0.5-2.0 mm. In comparison, plant regeneration from meristems increased with size, and meristems of 0.1 mm completely failed to regenerate. Regeneration from 0.4-mm meristems reached 100%, but none of the regenerated plantlets were GVA-free. Meristems of 0.2 mm resulted in only 12% GVA-free plants. Frequency of GVA elimination was not affected by the cryopreservation procedure, be it encapsulation-dehydration or vitrification. Leaf morphology of plants regenerated from cryopreserved shoot tips was similar to that from control shoot tips. Results from the present study suggest cryopreservation of shoot tips as a simple and efficient method for eliminating GVA from infected grapevine plants. © 2003 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
freezing
Grapevine virus A
Meristem culture
nitrogen
Viruses
Vitis
Vitrification
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/S0168-9452(03)00091-8
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
25535
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:15
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Scientific Publication
Elimination of grapevine virus A (GVA) by cryopreservation of in vitro-grown shoot tips of Vitis vinifera L
165
Wang, Q., Tolkovsky Laboratory, Department of Virology, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel, Fac. Agric., Food/Environ. Qual. S., Institute of Plant Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot IL-76100, Israel
Mawassi, M., Tolkovsky Laboratory, Department of Virology, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Li, P., Tolkovsky Laboratory, Department of Virology, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Gafny, R., Tolkovsky Laboratory, Department of Virology, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Sela, I., Fac. Agric., Food/Environ. Qual. S., Institute of Plant Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot IL-76100, Israel
Tanne, E., Tolkovsky Laboratory, Department of Virology, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Elimination of grapevine virus A (GVA) by cryopreservation of in vitro-grown shoot tips of Vitis vinifera L
Methods for the cryopreservation of in vitro-grown shoot tips of grapevine were recently developed [1,2]. The present study demonstrates that grapevine virus A (GVA) can be successfully eliminated from naturally infected grapevine by cryopreservation of in vitro-grown shoot tips. The various steps taken before freezing in liquid nitrogen did not, by themselves, eliminate GVA. However, the freezing step resulted in 97% GVA elimination. The size of the shoot tips used for cryopreservation influenced their survival rate, while viral eradication was independent of their size in the range of 0.5-2.0 mm. In comparison, plant regeneration from meristems increased with size, and meristems of 0.1 mm completely failed to regenerate. Regeneration from 0.4-mm meristems reached 100%, but none of the regenerated plantlets were GVA-free. Meristems of 0.2 mm resulted in only 12% GVA-free plants. Frequency of GVA elimination was not affected by the cryopreservation procedure, be it encapsulation-dehydration or vitrification. Leaf morphology of plants regenerated from cryopreserved shoot tips was similar to that from control shoot tips. Results from the present study suggest cryopreservation of shoot tips as a simple and efficient method for eliminating GVA from infected grapevine plants. © 2003 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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