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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
CO2 enrichment in a fan-ventilated greenhouse under different ventilation modes
Year:
2005
Source of publication :
Acta Horticulturae
Authors :
טייטל, מאיר
;
.
Volume :
691
Co-Authors:
Amir, R., Ministry of Agriculture, Extension Service, 23 Ahuza str., Raanana 43208, Israel
Teitel, M., Institute of Agricultural Eng., Agricultural Research Org., Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Shemer, L., Department of Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer, Iby and Aladar Fleischman Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv 69978, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
619
To page:
624
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
CO2 enrichment in warm climates requires a delicate balance between the need to ventilate and the desire to enrich. Furthermore, strict regulations on CO2 emission to the atmosphere, which were issued in recent years, emphasize the need for better control on CO2 enrichment in ventilated greenhouses. Experiments were done in a fan-ventilated small scale greenhouse, to check the feasibility of CO2 enrichment during summer time, when greenhouse ventilation is crucial, and to study the effect of different ventilation modes on the CO2 level attained within the house. The greenhouse had a floor area of about 64 m2 and was ventilated by two fans capable of delivering a maximum ventilation rate of 0.07 m3 s-1 m-2. Enrichment was done under three modes of on-off ventilation (high: 0.07 m3 s-1 m -2, low: 0.042 m3 s-1 m-2 and interchanging high/low rates), and also under continuous variable rate ventilation. The continuous variable rate ventilation was accomplished by connecting the fans to a variable speed drive unit and changing the speed of rotation of the fans according to the heat load on the greenhouse. The CO 2 was injected to the greenhouse from a bottle at a rate of about 1.8 kg h-1. Greenhouse microclimate (air temperature, relative humidity and solar radiation), amount of CO2 supply, energy used for ventilation and CO2 concentration between 6:00 and 9:30 am were monitored and average values are presented for all modes of ventilation. A criterion taking into account the CO2 level retained in the greenhouse relative to the atmospheric level, the amount of CO2 supply, the energy used for ventilation and the attained temperature difference between the greenhouse and the surrounding is offered and used for comparison between the different modes of ventilation. The results suggest that the best performance between 6:00 and 9:30 am was obtained with the variable ventilation mode. The results further show that under the operation conditions of the present study, enrichment beyond 10 am was not practical since the fans had to be operated continuously due to high ventilation requirements.
Note:
Related Files :
CO2 enrichment
Forced ventilation
greenhouse
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More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר מתוך כינוס
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
25558
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:15
Scientific Publication
CO2 enrichment in a fan-ventilated greenhouse under different ventilation modes
691
Amir, R., Ministry of Agriculture, Extension Service, 23 Ahuza str., Raanana 43208, Israel
Teitel, M., Institute of Agricultural Eng., Agricultural Research Org., Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Shemer, L., Department of Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer, Iby and Aladar Fleischman Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv 69978, Israel
CO2 enrichment in a fan-ventilated greenhouse under different ventilation modes
CO2 enrichment in warm climates requires a delicate balance between the need to ventilate and the desire to enrich. Furthermore, strict regulations on CO2 emission to the atmosphere, which were issued in recent years, emphasize the need for better control on CO2 enrichment in ventilated greenhouses. Experiments were done in a fan-ventilated small scale greenhouse, to check the feasibility of CO2 enrichment during summer time, when greenhouse ventilation is crucial, and to study the effect of different ventilation modes on the CO2 level attained within the house. The greenhouse had a floor area of about 64 m2 and was ventilated by two fans capable of delivering a maximum ventilation rate of 0.07 m3 s-1 m-2. Enrichment was done under three modes of on-off ventilation (high: 0.07 m3 s-1 m -2, low: 0.042 m3 s-1 m-2 and interchanging high/low rates), and also under continuous variable rate ventilation. The continuous variable rate ventilation was accomplished by connecting the fans to a variable speed drive unit and changing the speed of rotation of the fans according to the heat load on the greenhouse. The CO 2 was injected to the greenhouse from a bottle at a rate of about 1.8 kg h-1. Greenhouse microclimate (air temperature, relative humidity and solar radiation), amount of CO2 supply, energy used for ventilation and CO2 concentration between 6:00 and 9:30 am were monitored and average values are presented for all modes of ventilation. A criterion taking into account the CO2 level retained in the greenhouse relative to the atmospheric level, the amount of CO2 supply, the energy used for ventilation and the attained temperature difference between the greenhouse and the surrounding is offered and used for comparison between the different modes of ventilation. The results suggest that the best performance between 6:00 and 9:30 am was obtained with the variable ventilation mode. The results further show that under the operation conditions of the present study, enrichment beyond 10 am was not practical since the fans had to be operated continuously due to high ventilation requirements.
Scientific Publication
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