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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Enrichment of poultry products with fatty acids by dietary supplementation with the alga Nannochloropsis and mantur oil
Year:
1999
Authors :
ניצן, צפרירה
;
.
Volume :
47
Co-Authors:
Nitsan, Z., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel, Institute of Animal Science, A.R.O., Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Mokady, S., Technion-Israel Inst. of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel
Sukenik, A., National Institute of Oceanography, Israel Oceanogr./Limnological Res., P.O. Box 8030, Haifa 31080, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
5127
To page:
5132
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
Experiments were conducted to evaluate the efficiency of the microalga Nannochloropsis sp. (Nanno.), as a supplement to laying hens' diet, for the production of enriched eggs and meat with ω3 fatty acids (FA). Nanno. has a unique FA composition, namely, the occurrence of a high concentration of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5 ω3) and the absence of other ω3 FA. The effect of supplementing diets with Nanno. on ω3 FA levels in eggs, plasma, liver, and thigh muscle was compared to that of mantur oil, high in α- linolenic acid (LNA; 18:3 ω3). Nanno. is rich also in carotenoids, which may be useful for egg yolk pigmentation. The observed effect of Nanno. supplementation on yolk pigmentation was dose responsive, in both the rate of coloration and the color intensity. Addition of enzyme preparations (glucanase plus cellulase or glucanase plus pectinase) slightly elevated the yolk color score. The most prominent changes in the level of ω3 FA in egg yolk were evident when the diets were supplemented with 1% Nanno. or mantur lipid extracts. Levels of dietary algal meal (0.1-1.0%) had low and inconsistent effects on the level of yolk ω3 FA. Algal EPA is not accumulated in the liver or in the egg yolk; it is apparently converted and deposited as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). LNA from mantur oil was partially converted to DHA, and both DHA and LNA were deposited in egg yolks and livers. It is suggested that the absence of DHA and EPA from thigh muscle is due to the small amount of dietary ω3 FA used in this work, compared to other studies, and to the possibility that in laying hens the egg yolk has a priority on dietary FA over that of muscles.
Note:
Related Files :
algae
Alpha-linolenic acid
Animal
Animals
Biomass
Female
Glycine max
pigmentation
poultry
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1021/jf981361p
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
26062
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:19
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Scientific Publication
Enrichment of poultry products with fatty acids by dietary supplementation with the alga Nannochloropsis and mantur oil
47
Nitsan, Z., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel, Institute of Animal Science, A.R.O., Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Mokady, S., Technion-Israel Inst. of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel
Sukenik, A., National Institute of Oceanography, Israel Oceanogr./Limnological Res., P.O. Box 8030, Haifa 31080, Israel
Enrichment of poultry products with fatty acids by dietary supplementation with the alga Nannochloropsis and mantur oil
Experiments were conducted to evaluate the efficiency of the microalga Nannochloropsis sp. (Nanno.), as a supplement to laying hens' diet, for the production of enriched eggs and meat with ω3 fatty acids (FA). Nanno. has a unique FA composition, namely, the occurrence of a high concentration of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5 ω3) and the absence of other ω3 FA. The effect of supplementing diets with Nanno. on ω3 FA levels in eggs, plasma, liver, and thigh muscle was compared to that of mantur oil, high in α- linolenic acid (LNA; 18:3 ω3). Nanno. is rich also in carotenoids, which may be useful for egg yolk pigmentation. The observed effect of Nanno. supplementation on yolk pigmentation was dose responsive, in both the rate of coloration and the color intensity. Addition of enzyme preparations (glucanase plus cellulase or glucanase plus pectinase) slightly elevated the yolk color score. The most prominent changes in the level of ω3 FA in egg yolk were evident when the diets were supplemented with 1% Nanno. or mantur lipid extracts. Levels of dietary algal meal (0.1-1.0%) had low and inconsistent effects on the level of yolk ω3 FA. Algal EPA is not accumulated in the liver or in the egg yolk; it is apparently converted and deposited as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). LNA from mantur oil was partially converted to DHA, and both DHA and LNA were deposited in egg yolks and livers. It is suggested that the absence of DHA and EPA from thigh muscle is due to the small amount of dietary ω3 FA used in this work, compared to other studies, and to the possibility that in laying hens the egg yolk has a priority on dietary FA over that of muscles.
Scientific Publication
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