Pest Management Science


Denholm, I., Plant and Invertebrate Ecology Division, IACR-Rothamsted, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, United Kingdom
 

The dynamics of pyriproxyfen resistance in Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) have been studied intensively in cotton fields and greenhouses in Israel. High resistance to pyriproxyfen evolved one year after its introduction for use on flowers in greenhouses, after three successive applications. After ten years of pyriproxyfen use in cotton fields, with only one application per season, a high level of resistance was observed, but its rate of development differed among localities. It is hypothesized that these differences reflect temporal and spatial variations in the availability of alternative host plants for B tabaci, and that pyriproxyfen resistance evolved most readily in geographically isolated areas. It is also likely that the occurrence and development of resistance is partially biotype-related. Pyriproxyfen use has ceased in high-resistance localities, but in areas with low frequencies of resistance, cotton growers have continued to achieve acceptable control of B tabaci with pyriproxyfen. Due to the absence of applications of pyriproxyfen in some cotton fields, resistance levels tended to decline between 1998 and 2001. Laboratory experiments support the hypothesis that this decline reflects, in part, fitness costs associated with pyriproxyfen resistance. © 2002 Society of Chemical Industry.
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הספר "אוצר וולקני"
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תנאי שימוש
Dynamics of insecticide resistance in Bemisia tabaci: A case study with the insect growth regulator pyriproxyfent
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Denholm, I., Plant and Invertebrate Ecology Division, IACR-Rothamsted, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, United Kingdom
 

Dynamics of insecticide resistance in Bemisia tabaci: A case study with the insect growth regulator pyriproxyfent
The dynamics of pyriproxyfen resistance in Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) have been studied intensively in cotton fields and greenhouses in Israel. High resistance to pyriproxyfen evolved one year after its introduction for use on flowers in greenhouses, after three successive applications. After ten years of pyriproxyfen use in cotton fields, with only one application per season, a high level of resistance was observed, but its rate of development differed among localities. It is hypothesized that these differences reflect temporal and spatial variations in the availability of alternative host plants for B tabaci, and that pyriproxyfen resistance evolved most readily in geographically isolated areas. It is also likely that the occurrence and development of resistance is partially biotype-related. Pyriproxyfen use has ceased in high-resistance localities, but in areas with low frequencies of resistance, cotton growers have continued to achieve acceptable control of B tabaci with pyriproxyfen. Due to the absence of applications of pyriproxyfen in some cotton fields, resistance levels tended to decline between 1998 and 2001. Laboratory experiments support the hypothesis that this decline reflects, in part, fitness costs associated with pyriproxyfen resistance. © 2002 Society of Chemical Industry.
Scientific Publication