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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Fruit quality of grafted watermelon (Citrullus lanatus): Relationship between rootstock, soil disinfection and plant stand
Year:
2016
Authors :
אלקלעי-טוביה, שרון
;
.
בניחיס, מרינה
;
.
גמליאל, אברהם
;
.
זוטחי, יוחנן
;
.
זערור, מרב
;
.
פליק, אלעזר
;
.
צ'לופוביץ, דניאל
;
.
Volume :
81
Co-Authors:
Zaaroor, M., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, ARO-the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Alkalai-Tuvia, S., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, ARO-the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Chalupowicz, D., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, ARO-the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Zutahy, Y., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, ARO-the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Beniches, M., Department of Growing, Production and Environmental Engineering, ARO-the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Gamliel, A., Department of Growing, Production and Environmental Engineering, ARO-the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Fallik, E., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, ARO-the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
81
To page:
86
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
Grafting of vegetable transplants is a unique horticultural technology, which was adapted from the practice in perennial crops. However, rootstock/scion combinations may affect and alter the final size, yield, and quality of fruits of grafted plants, both immediately postharvest and during prolonged storage. We evaluated the effect of two rootstocks [TZ148 and Nurit (commercial Cucurbita spp. hybrids)] grafted on one scion (seedless watermelon cv. 1262) in two plant stands (2500 and 5000 plant ha-1), on plant viability, number of marketable fruits (fruits weight above 5 kg) and fruit quality after one week storage at 20°C, in non-or disinfested soil. Soil disinfection significantly improved the viability of non-grafted plants. All grafted plants significantly performed better vine vigor, with no wilt or vine decline symptoms, in either disinfested or non-treated soil, regardless of the type of the rootstock. Plant stand did not affect plant viability. The number of marketable watermelon fruits per m2 was 75 to 700% higher in grafted plants than in non-grafted. Grafting on Nurit produced significantly more marketable fruits than grafting on TZ148. The quality of fruits harvested from grafted plants was significantly better than non-grafted fruit in both plant stands and soils. Watermelons harvested from Nurit-grafted plants had better taste and texture and almost seedless compared to control and TZ-148-grafted plant. © ACS-Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus 1998-2016. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
Citrullus lanatus
Cucurbita
food quality
food storage
horticulture
Plant stand
Postharvest
Quality
Transplantation
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
26169
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:20
Scientific Publication
Fruit quality of grafted watermelon (Citrullus lanatus): Relationship between rootstock, soil disinfection and plant stand
81
Zaaroor, M., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, ARO-the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Alkalai-Tuvia, S., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, ARO-the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Chalupowicz, D., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, ARO-the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Zutahy, Y., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, ARO-the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Beniches, M., Department of Growing, Production and Environmental Engineering, ARO-the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Gamliel, A., Department of Growing, Production and Environmental Engineering, ARO-the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Fallik, E., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, ARO-the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Fruit quality of grafted watermelon (Citrullus lanatus): Relationship between rootstock, soil disinfection and plant stand
Grafting of vegetable transplants is a unique horticultural technology, which was adapted from the practice in perennial crops. However, rootstock/scion combinations may affect and alter the final size, yield, and quality of fruits of grafted plants, both immediately postharvest and during prolonged storage. We evaluated the effect of two rootstocks [TZ148 and Nurit (commercial Cucurbita spp. hybrids)] grafted on one scion (seedless watermelon cv. 1262) in two plant stands (2500 and 5000 plant ha-1), on plant viability, number of marketable fruits (fruits weight above 5 kg) and fruit quality after one week storage at 20°C, in non-or disinfested soil. Soil disinfection significantly improved the viability of non-grafted plants. All grafted plants significantly performed better vine vigor, with no wilt or vine decline symptoms, in either disinfested or non-treated soil, regardless of the type of the rootstock. Plant stand did not affect plant viability. The number of marketable watermelon fruits per m2 was 75 to 700% higher in grafted plants than in non-grafted. Grafting on Nurit produced significantly more marketable fruits than grafting on TZ148. The quality of fruits harvested from grafted plants was significantly better than non-grafted fruit in both plant stands and soils. Watermelons harvested from Nurit-grafted plants had better taste and texture and almost seedless compared to control and TZ-148-grafted plant. © ACS-Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus 1998-2016. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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