חיפוש מתקדם
Segoli, M., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, POB 653, Beer Sheva, 84105, Israel
Bouskila, A., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, POB 653, Beer Sheva, 84105, Israel
Harari, A.R., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, POB 653, Beer Sheva, 84105, Israel, Department of Entomology, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Keasar, T., Department of Science Education -Biology, University of Haifa - Oranim, Tivon, 36006, Israel, Department of Life Sciences, Achva College, Mobile Post Shikmim 79800, Israel
Polyembryony is a unique mode of development in which multiple genetically identical embryos develop from a single egg. In some polyembryonic species a proportion of the embryos develop into soldier larvae, which attack competitors in the host. We studied the development of the polyembryonic wasp Copidosoma koehleri in its host Phthorimaea opercullela. We dissected hosts parasitized by either virgin or mated female wasps at 2 day intervals from hatching to the final instars. We documented host mass and head width, the number and size of developing wasps and the presence of a soldier larva. Additionally, we kept a sample of parasitized hosts until emergence of wasps and measured the head width of emerging adults. We characterized wasp development in relation to host development. One half of the broods produced by mated wasps contained one soldier larva throughout development. This suggests that in C. koehleri each female brood produces a single soldier larva, and that the soldier probably survives and grows gradually during host development. Additionally, we found that female broods were larger than male broods during development and also upon emergence. Accordingly, body size was larger for males during development as well as upon emergence. These findings may extend the existing knowledge on polyembryonic development in general, and serve as a baseline for further experiments. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Developmental patterns in the polyembryonic parasitoid wasp Copidosoma koehleri
38
Segoli, M., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, POB 653, Beer Sheva, 84105, Israel
Bouskila, A., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, POB 653, Beer Sheva, 84105, Israel
Harari, A.R., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, POB 653, Beer Sheva, 84105, Israel, Department of Entomology, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Keasar, T., Department of Science Education -Biology, University of Haifa - Oranim, Tivon, 36006, Israel, Department of Life Sciences, Achva College, Mobile Post Shikmim 79800, Israel
Developmental patterns in the polyembryonic parasitoid wasp Copidosoma koehleri
Polyembryony is a unique mode of development in which multiple genetically identical embryos develop from a single egg. In some polyembryonic species a proportion of the embryos develop into soldier larvae, which attack competitors in the host. We studied the development of the polyembryonic wasp Copidosoma koehleri in its host Phthorimaea opercullela. We dissected hosts parasitized by either virgin or mated female wasps at 2 day intervals from hatching to the final instars. We documented host mass and head width, the number and size of developing wasps and the presence of a soldier larva. Additionally, we kept a sample of parasitized hosts until emergence of wasps and measured the head width of emerging adults. We characterized wasp development in relation to host development. One half of the broods produced by mated wasps contained one soldier larva throughout development. This suggests that in C. koehleri each female brood produces a single soldier larva, and that the soldier probably survives and grows gradually during host development. Additionally, we found that female broods were larger than male broods during development and also upon emergence. Accordingly, body size was larger for males during development as well as upon emergence. These findings may extend the existing knowledge on polyembryonic development in general, and serve as a baseline for further experiments. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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