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The effect of protein intake and lactation number on post-partum body weight loss and reproductive performance of dairy cows
Year:
1983
Source of publication :
Animal Production
Authors :
נוימרק, חנן
;
.
פולמן, ישעיהו
;
.
קאים, משה
;
.
Volume :
37
Co-Authors:
Kaim, M., Institute of Animal Science, A.R.O. The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50-250, Israel
Folman, Y., Institute of Animal Science, A.R.O. The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50-250, Israel
Neumark, H., Institute of Animal Science, A.R.O. The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50-250, Israel
Kaufmann, W., Department of Animal Nutrition, Institute for Milk Production, Federal Dairy Research Centre Kiel, West Germany, Germany
Facilitators :
From page:
229
To page:
235
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
In three experiments 250 high-yielding dairy cows were fed for 18 weeks after parturition either a low-protein (LP) diet containing 150 to 160 g crude protein per kg or a high-protein (HP) diet containing 190 to 200 g crude protein per kg. In all three experiments cows were fed an average of 2·6 to 2·9 kg crude protein per day on the LP diet and 3·3 to 3·7 kg crude protein per day on the HP diet. Inclusive of maintenance, crude protein intake was, on average, 71 to 83 g crude protein per kg milk on the LP diet and 84 to 112 g crude protein per kg milk on the HP diet. Protein intake did not affect the post-partum decrease in body weight; however, cows in their 4th and later lactations lost significantly more weight than cows in their 2nd and 3rd lactations (P < 0·01). Number of lactation did not affect the levels of rumen fluid ammonia or plasma urea, but older cows had significantly higher milk yields than younger ones. In all the experiments the first oestrus was observed, on average, between 38 and 43 days after parturition. The first insemination was carried out, on average, between 69 and 75 days after calving. Protein intake or age did not affect the intervals between parturition and the first observed oestrus or insemination. Proportional conception rates of cows fed the LP and HP diets were 0·566 and 0·431, respectively (P < 0·05). Conception rates of cows in their 2nd and 3rd lactations were 0·582 and 0·515 for cows on the LP and HP diets, respectively, whereas conception rates of cows in their 4th and later lactations were 0·526 and 0·288, respectively (P < 0·02). Within the HP-fed group the difference in conception rate between cows in their 2nd and 3rd lactations and those in their 4th and later lactations was also significant (P < 0·01). The proportion of cows pregnant 126 days after parturition was 0·786 and 0·645 for cows fed the LP and HP diets, respectively (P < 0·05). The proportion of cows in their 2nd and 3rd lactations which were pregnant, was 0·792 and 0·702 for cows of the LP and HP groups, respectively. Pregnancy rates for cows in their 4th and later lactations were 0·769 and 0·515 in the LP and HP groups, respectively (P < 0·05). © 1983, British Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
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More details
DOI :
10.1017/S000335610000177X
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
26239
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:21
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Scientific Publication
The effect of protein intake and lactation number on post-partum body weight loss and reproductive performance of dairy cows
37
Kaim, M., Institute of Animal Science, A.R.O. The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50-250, Israel
Folman, Y., Institute of Animal Science, A.R.O. The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50-250, Israel
Neumark, H., Institute of Animal Science, A.R.O. The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50-250, Israel
Kaufmann, W., Department of Animal Nutrition, Institute for Milk Production, Federal Dairy Research Centre Kiel, West Germany, Germany
The effect of protein intake and lactation number on post-partum body weight loss and reproductive performance of dairy cows
In three experiments 250 high-yielding dairy cows were fed for 18 weeks after parturition either a low-protein (LP) diet containing 150 to 160 g crude protein per kg or a high-protein (HP) diet containing 190 to 200 g crude protein per kg. In all three experiments cows were fed an average of 2·6 to 2·9 kg crude protein per day on the LP diet and 3·3 to 3·7 kg crude protein per day on the HP diet. Inclusive of maintenance, crude protein intake was, on average, 71 to 83 g crude protein per kg milk on the LP diet and 84 to 112 g crude protein per kg milk on the HP diet. Protein intake did not affect the post-partum decrease in body weight; however, cows in their 4th and later lactations lost significantly more weight than cows in their 2nd and 3rd lactations (P < 0·01). Number of lactation did not affect the levels of rumen fluid ammonia or plasma urea, but older cows had significantly higher milk yields than younger ones. In all the experiments the first oestrus was observed, on average, between 38 and 43 days after parturition. The first insemination was carried out, on average, between 69 and 75 days after calving. Protein intake or age did not affect the intervals between parturition and the first observed oestrus or insemination. Proportional conception rates of cows fed the LP and HP diets were 0·566 and 0·431, respectively (P < 0·05). Conception rates of cows in their 2nd and 3rd lactations were 0·582 and 0·515 for cows on the LP and HP diets, respectively, whereas conception rates of cows in their 4th and later lactations were 0·526 and 0·288, respectively (P < 0·02). Within the HP-fed group the difference in conception rate between cows in their 2nd and 3rd lactations and those in their 4th and later lactations was also significant (P < 0·01). The proportion of cows pregnant 126 days after parturition was 0·786 and 0·645 for cows fed the LP and HP diets, respectively (P < 0·05). The proportion of cows in their 2nd and 3rd lactations which were pregnant, was 0·792 and 0·702 for cows of the LP and HP groups, respectively. Pregnancy rates for cows in their 4th and later lactations were 0·769 and 0·515 in the LP and HP groups, respectively (P < 0·05). © 1983, British Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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