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קהילה:
אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Chemical and physical disinfection of peanut pods for improved seed quality
Year:
1997
Source of publication :
Crop Protection
Authors :
גרינשטיין, אבי
;
.
קריצמן, גיורא
;
.
ריבן, יהודית
;
.
Volume :
16
Co-Authors:
Grinstein, A., Lab. for Res. on Pest Mgmt. Applic., Inst. of Agric. Engineering, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Kritzman, G., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Riven, Y., Lab. for Res. on Pest Mgmt. Applic., Inst. of Agric. Engineering, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Peretz-Alon, I., Hevel Maon Enterprises, M.P. Negev 85465, Israel
Bar, Z., Hevel Maon Enterprises, M.P. Negev 85465, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
353
To page:
357
(
Total pages:
5
)
Abstract:
Peanut pod wart is a new disease in Israel that causes ugly warts on the pod. The causal agent, Streptomyces sp., contaminates seed during mechanical cracking of pods. Low-volume application of 3% iodine dissolved in glacial acetic acid resulted in effective pod disinfection and reduced the surface pods microflora by 4 log orders, but this mixture causes eye irritation and has an unpleasant smell. A 4 s exposure of the pods to a butane-air flame at 740°C eradicated the pathogen and even a 6 s exposure did not affect seed germination or yield. This physical treatment also reduced significantly the incidence of other seedborne fungi, e.g. Aspergillus niger and Rhizopus stolonifer, in the laboratory and in a large-scale field test. Flaming enables the treatment of large quantities of pods prior to cracking.
Note:
Related Files :
Disinfestation
Flame
peanut
Physical control
Pod wart
Seedborne diseases
Streptomyces sp.
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/S0261-2194(96)00109-3
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
26415
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:22
Scientific Publication
Chemical and physical disinfection of peanut pods for improved seed quality
16
Grinstein, A., Lab. for Res. on Pest Mgmt. Applic., Inst. of Agric. Engineering, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Kritzman, G., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Riven, Y., Lab. for Res. on Pest Mgmt. Applic., Inst. of Agric. Engineering, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Peretz-Alon, I., Hevel Maon Enterprises, M.P. Negev 85465, Israel
Bar, Z., Hevel Maon Enterprises, M.P. Negev 85465, Israel
Chemical and physical disinfection of peanut pods for improved seed quality
Peanut pod wart is a new disease in Israel that causes ugly warts on the pod. The causal agent, Streptomyces sp., contaminates seed during mechanical cracking of pods. Low-volume application of 3% iodine dissolved in glacial acetic acid resulted in effective pod disinfection and reduced the surface pods microflora by 4 log orders, but this mixture causes eye irritation and has an unpleasant smell. A 4 s exposure of the pods to a butane-air flame at 740°C eradicated the pathogen and even a 6 s exposure did not affect seed germination or yield. This physical treatment also reduced significantly the incidence of other seedborne fungi, e.g. Aspergillus niger and Rhizopus stolonifer, in the laboratory and in a large-scale field test. Flaming enables the treatment of large quantities of pods prior to cracking.
Scientific Publication
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