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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Sodium and chloride distribution in grapevines as a function of rootstock and irrigation water salinity
Year:
2015
Authors :
אור, אתי
;
.
בן-גל, אלון
;
.
גולדברגר, סיון
;
.
דג, ארנון
;
.
ירמיהו, אורי
;
.
ציפורי, יצחק
;
.
Volume :
66
Co-Authors:
Dag, A., Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, Israel
Ben-Gal, A., Soil, Water, and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, Israel
Goldberger, S., Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, Israel, Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, Israel
Yermiyahu, U., Soil, Water, and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, Israel
Zipori, I., Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, Israel
Or, E., Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, Israel
David, I., Ramat Negev Desert Agro-Research, M.P. Halutza, Israel
Netzer, Y., Research and Development Center, Samaria and Jordan Rift, Israel
Kerem, Z., Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
80
To page:
84
(
Total pages:
5
)
Abstract:
The salt tolerance of rootstocks is often assessed based on their ability to limit uptake of sodium (Na) and chloride (Cl) ions. Here, we evaluated the effects of three irrigation salinity levels (electrical conductivity of 1.2, 2.7, and 4.2 dS/m) on Cabernet Sauvignon grapes grafted on Ruggeri, Paulsen, 216/3, and 101/14 rootstocks. Growth parameters were affected by salinity level but not by rootstock, and yield was not affected by either variable. Ruggeri and 216/3 were most effective at limiting uptake and accumulation of Na and Cl in scion petioles, wood, and must. The rootstocks differentially excluded Na and Cl from vines; 216/3 and Ruggeri showed the best performance for Na and Cl, respectively. More Na than Cl accumulated in woody tissue. Mortality rates as high as 17.5% were found for poor salt-excluding rootstocks irrigated with the highest salinity water. The apparent breakdown of tolerance mechanisms, leading to salt damage and vine mortality, might be due to Na reaching critical levels in woody tissues. The ability to exclude Na and Cl from shoots and fruit was found to (a) increase wine quality by reducing concentrations of salt ions in must and wine, and (b) reduce mortality rates that result from long-term exposure to salt. © 2015 by the American Society for Enology and Viticulture. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
brackish water
chloride
grafting (plants)
Ions
irrigation
mortality
saline water
sodium
Tolerance mechanisms
Vitaceae
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.5344/ajev.2014.14019
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
26419
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:22
Scientific Publication
Sodium and chloride distribution in grapevines as a function of rootstock and irrigation water salinity
66
Dag, A., Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, Israel
Ben-Gal, A., Soil, Water, and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, Israel
Goldberger, S., Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, Israel, Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, Israel
Yermiyahu, U., Soil, Water, and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, Israel
Zipori, I., Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, Israel
Or, E., Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, Israel
David, I., Ramat Negev Desert Agro-Research, M.P. Halutza, Israel
Netzer, Y., Research and Development Center, Samaria and Jordan Rift, Israel
Kerem, Z., Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, Israel
Sodium and chloride distribution in grapevines as a function of rootstock and irrigation water salinity
The salt tolerance of rootstocks is often assessed based on their ability to limit uptake of sodium (Na) and chloride (Cl) ions. Here, we evaluated the effects of three irrigation salinity levels (electrical conductivity of 1.2, 2.7, and 4.2 dS/m) on Cabernet Sauvignon grapes grafted on Ruggeri, Paulsen, 216/3, and 101/14 rootstocks. Growth parameters were affected by salinity level but not by rootstock, and yield was not affected by either variable. Ruggeri and 216/3 were most effective at limiting uptake and accumulation of Na and Cl in scion petioles, wood, and must. The rootstocks differentially excluded Na and Cl from vines; 216/3 and Ruggeri showed the best performance for Na and Cl, respectively. More Na than Cl accumulated in woody tissue. Mortality rates as high as 17.5% were found for poor salt-excluding rootstocks irrigated with the highest salinity water. The apparent breakdown of tolerance mechanisms, leading to salt damage and vine mortality, might be due to Na reaching critical levels in woody tissues. The ability to exclude Na and Cl from shoots and fruit was found to (a) increase wine quality by reducing concentrations of salt ions in must and wine, and (b) reduce mortality rates that result from long-term exposure to salt. © 2015 by the American Society for Enology and Viticulture. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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