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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Organic N mineralization and transformations in soils treated with animal waste in relation to carbonate dissolution and precipitation
Year:
2013
Source of publication :
Geoderma
Authors :
בר-טל, אשר
;
.
הלר, חנה
;
.
פיין, פנחס
;
.
Volume :
209-210
Co-Authors:
Tamir, G., Institute of Soil Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Po Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel, Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Po Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Shenker, M., Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Po Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Heller, H., Institute of Soil Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Po Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Bloom, P.R., Department of Soil Water and Climate, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, United States
Fine, P., Institute of Soil Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Po Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Bar-Tal, A., Institute of Soil Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Po Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
50
To page:
56
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
Addition of organic residues and their composts to enhance soil fertility results in organic N mineralization and transformations that may have profound effects on chemical processes. Our hypothesis is that carbonate precipitation and dissolution reactions are driven by proton consumption and release by organic N mineralization and nitrification. In the present study we evaluated the role of N-rich animal waste on carbonate dissolution/precipitation in a range of soil types. To discriminate the effects of organic C mineralization from nitrification we added a nitrification inhibitor, dicyandiamide (DCD), which slows NH4 + oxidation without interfering with soil C respiration. Calcareous and non-calcareous soils were incubated with a pasteurized chicken manure (PCM) amendment with and without nitrification inhibitor DCD and control soil with and without DCD. Soil solution pH, extractable NH4 + and NO3 -, CO2 emission and the concentrations of major cations in soil solution were determined. PCM application without DCD resulted in a pH increase in the first few days of the incubation followed by a pH decrease. DCD application effectively inhibited the nitrification process and the reduction in soil pH. The high correlation between nitrification and the reduction in pH indicated that the nitrification process was the main source of protons released, which led to carbonate dissolution and CO2 emission from CaCO3. Application of DCD to PCM reduced CO2 emission in PCM amended soils, especially in the earlier part of the incubation of calcareous soils. Furthermore, we found a linear 0.7:1 relation between the sum of cations (mostly Ca2+ plus Mg2+) released to solution due to proton production by organic N mineralization and nitrification that occurred in all soils with PCM applied, without DCD. Whereas, application of DCD to the PCM treatment inhibited nitrification and there was little or no proton production.© 2013 Elsevier B.V..
Note:
Related Files :
agricultural wastes
animal wastes
biotransformation
Carbonation
pH
soil chemistry
soil fertility
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.05.028
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
26475
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:23
Scientific Publication
Organic N mineralization and transformations in soils treated with animal waste in relation to carbonate dissolution and precipitation
209-210
Tamir, G., Institute of Soil Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Po Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel, Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Po Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Shenker, M., Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Po Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Heller, H., Institute of Soil Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Po Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Bloom, P.R., Department of Soil Water and Climate, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, United States
Fine, P., Institute of Soil Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Po Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Bar-Tal, A., Institute of Soil Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Po Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Organic N mineralization and transformations in soils treated with animal waste in relation to carbonate dissolution and precipitation
Addition of organic residues and their composts to enhance soil fertility results in organic N mineralization and transformations that may have profound effects on chemical processes. Our hypothesis is that carbonate precipitation and dissolution reactions are driven by proton consumption and release by organic N mineralization and nitrification. In the present study we evaluated the role of N-rich animal waste on carbonate dissolution/precipitation in a range of soil types. To discriminate the effects of organic C mineralization from nitrification we added a nitrification inhibitor, dicyandiamide (DCD), which slows NH4 + oxidation without interfering with soil C respiration. Calcareous and non-calcareous soils were incubated with a pasteurized chicken manure (PCM) amendment with and without nitrification inhibitor DCD and control soil with and without DCD. Soil solution pH, extractable NH4 + and NO3 -, CO2 emission and the concentrations of major cations in soil solution were determined. PCM application without DCD resulted in a pH increase in the first few days of the incubation followed by a pH decrease. DCD application effectively inhibited the nitrification process and the reduction in soil pH. The high correlation between nitrification and the reduction in pH indicated that the nitrification process was the main source of protons released, which led to carbonate dissolution and CO2 emission from CaCO3. Application of DCD to PCM reduced CO2 emission in PCM amended soils, especially in the earlier part of the incubation of calcareous soils. Furthermore, we found a linear 0.7:1 relation between the sum of cations (mostly Ca2+ plus Mg2+) released to solution due to proton production by organic N mineralization and nitrification that occurred in all soils with PCM applied, without DCD. Whereas, application of DCD to the PCM treatment inhibited nitrification and there was little or no proton production.© 2013 Elsevier B.V..
Scientific Publication
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