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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
A mechanistic study of methyl parathion hydrolysis by a bifunctional organoclay
Year:
2007
Authors :
גרסטל, זאב
;
.
מינגלגרין, אורי
;
.
Volume :
41
Co-Authors:
Rav-Acha, C., Research Laboratory of Water Quality, Ministry of Health, P.O. Box 8255, Tel-Aviv 61080, Israel
Groisman, L., Research Laboratory of Water Quality, Ministry of Health, P.O. Box 8255, Tel-Aviv 61080, Israel
Mingelgrin, U., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Kirson, Z., P.O. Box 9050, Jerusalem, Israel
Sasson, Y., Casali Institute of Applied Chemistry, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 91904, Israel
Gerstl, Z., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
106
To page:
111
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
The mechanism for the hydrolysis of methyl parathion (MP) by a bifunctional quaternary-ammonium based long-chained organclay (LCOC) containing an alkylamine (-CH2-CH2-NH2) headgroup was elucidated. The pathway of the catalytic hydrolysis of methyl parathion by the LCOC was defined by following the effect of replacing H2O with D 2O, by replacing the primary amino headgroup by a tertiary amino group, and by a detailed mathematical analysis of the proposed reaction scheme. A phosphorothioate isomer of MP was formed in the presence of the LCOC as an intermediate reaction product, initially increasing in concentration and then disappearing. The isotope effect was minimal and substituting a tertiary amine in the LCOC increased the rate of MP hydrolysis. A mechanism is proposed in which hydrolysis of MP can proceed via both a direct route (specific base hydrolysis) and through the formation of the isomer which then undergoes specific base hydrolysis more rapidly than the parent MP. The relative importance of each pathway is a function of pH with the direct hydrolysis of MP being predominant at higher pH values (pH > 10) and the isomer intermediate pathway predominating at lower pH values (pH ∼8-10). © 2007 American Chemical Society.
Note:
Related Files :
amine
Bifunctional organoclay
isotope
Models, Chemical
Molecular structure
pesticides
pH
water
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1021/es060696h
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
26494
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:23
Scientific Publication
A mechanistic study of methyl parathion hydrolysis by a bifunctional organoclay
41
Rav-Acha, C., Research Laboratory of Water Quality, Ministry of Health, P.O. Box 8255, Tel-Aviv 61080, Israel
Groisman, L., Research Laboratory of Water Quality, Ministry of Health, P.O. Box 8255, Tel-Aviv 61080, Israel
Mingelgrin, U., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Kirson, Z., P.O. Box 9050, Jerusalem, Israel
Sasson, Y., Casali Institute of Applied Chemistry, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 91904, Israel
Gerstl, Z., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
A mechanistic study of methyl parathion hydrolysis by a bifunctional organoclay
The mechanism for the hydrolysis of methyl parathion (MP) by a bifunctional quaternary-ammonium based long-chained organclay (LCOC) containing an alkylamine (-CH2-CH2-NH2) headgroup was elucidated. The pathway of the catalytic hydrolysis of methyl parathion by the LCOC was defined by following the effect of replacing H2O with D 2O, by replacing the primary amino headgroup by a tertiary amino group, and by a detailed mathematical analysis of the proposed reaction scheme. A phosphorothioate isomer of MP was formed in the presence of the LCOC as an intermediate reaction product, initially increasing in concentration and then disappearing. The isotope effect was minimal and substituting a tertiary amine in the LCOC increased the rate of MP hydrolysis. A mechanism is proposed in which hydrolysis of MP can proceed via both a direct route (specific base hydrolysis) and through the formation of the isomer which then undergoes specific base hydrolysis more rapidly than the parent MP. The relative importance of each pathway is a function of pH with the direct hydrolysis of MP being predominant at higher pH values (pH > 10) and the isomer intermediate pathway predominating at lower pH values (pH ∼8-10). © 2007 American Chemical Society.
Scientific Publication
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