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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Synthetic cytokinins extend the phase of division of parenchyma cells in developing pear (Pyrus communis L.) fruits
Year:
2006
Authors :
גולובוביץ', שרה
;
.
יבלוביץ', זאב
;
.
פליישמן, משה
;
.
שליזרמן, לודמילה
;
.
שרגל, עמיחי
;
.
Volume :
81
Co-Authors:
Shargal, A., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Golobovich, S., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Yablovich, Z., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Shlizerman, L.A., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Stern, R.A., MIGAL, Galilee Technology Center, P.O. Box 90000, Rosh Pina 12100, Israel
Grafi, G., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Lev-Yadun, S., Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Science Education, University of Haifa - Oranim, Tivon 36006, Israel
Flaishman, M.A., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
915
To page:
920
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
Final fruit size in pear depends on the combined contributions of the number of cells present at fruit-set, the number of subsequent cell divisions, and on cell expansion. To date, in spite of the commercial application of cytokinins to induce larger fruits, no detailed studies have addressed the question of how cytokinin signalling and cell division regulate fruit growth under field conditions. As previously reported, 'Spadona' pear fruits treated once with N(2-chloro-4-pyridyl)-N′-phenylurea (CPPU) or N-phenyl-N′-1,2,3-thiadiazol-5-ylurea (TDZ) showed a significant increase in size compared to untreated fruit. Here we monitored the effect of CPPU and TDZ treatments on the number and size of parenchyma cells and stone cells in fruit pulp. Application of both synthetic cytokinins on 10 mm-sized fruitlets had no effect on the size or number of stone cells during fruit development. However, the parenchyma that forms the fruit flesh, between the epidermis and the seed layers, had significantly smaller cells and produced higher numbers of cells compared to untreated fruit. The increase in parenchyma cell numbers correlated with a prolonged phase of cell division, as demonstrated by the detection of G2 nuclei using fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) analysis. Hence a single spray with CPPU or TDZ can induce an increase in the diameter of pear fruit by extending the phase of cell division in parenchymal cells in the pulp.
Note:
Related Files :
Pyrus communis
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
26516
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:23
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Synthetic cytokinins extend the phase of division of parenchyma cells in developing pear (Pyrus communis L.) fruits
81
Shargal, A., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Golobovich, S., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Yablovich, Z., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Shlizerman, L.A., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Stern, R.A., MIGAL, Galilee Technology Center, P.O. Box 90000, Rosh Pina 12100, Israel
Grafi, G., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Lev-Yadun, S., Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Science Education, University of Haifa - Oranim, Tivon 36006, Israel
Flaishman, M.A., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Synthetic cytokinins extend the phase of division of parenchyma cells in developing pear (Pyrus communis L.) fruits
Final fruit size in pear depends on the combined contributions of the number of cells present at fruit-set, the number of subsequent cell divisions, and on cell expansion. To date, in spite of the commercial application of cytokinins to induce larger fruits, no detailed studies have addressed the question of how cytokinin signalling and cell division regulate fruit growth under field conditions. As previously reported, 'Spadona' pear fruits treated once with N(2-chloro-4-pyridyl)-N′-phenylurea (CPPU) or N-phenyl-N′-1,2,3-thiadiazol-5-ylurea (TDZ) showed a significant increase in size compared to untreated fruit. Here we monitored the effect of CPPU and TDZ treatments on the number and size of parenchyma cells and stone cells in fruit pulp. Application of both synthetic cytokinins on 10 mm-sized fruitlets had no effect on the size or number of stone cells during fruit development. However, the parenchyma that forms the fruit flesh, between the epidermis and the seed layers, had significantly smaller cells and produced higher numbers of cells compared to untreated fruit. The increase in parenchyma cell numbers correlated with a prolonged phase of cell division, as demonstrated by the detection of G2 nuclei using fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) analysis. Hence a single spray with CPPU or TDZ can induce an increase in the diameter of pear fruit by extending the phase of cell division in parenchymal cells in the pulp.
Scientific Publication
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