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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Quantifying the effect of grazing and shrub-clearing on small scale spatial pattern of vegetation
Year:
2008
Source of publication :
Landscape Ecology
Authors :
פרבולוצקי, אבי
;
.
Volume :
23
Co-Authors:
Bar Massada, A., Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel
Gabay, O., Mitrani Department of Desert Ecology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer 84990, Israel
Perevolotsky, A., Department of Agronomy and Natural Resources, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Carmel, Y., Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
327
To page:
339
(
Total pages:
13
)
Abstract:
Disturbances such as grazing, invading species, and clear-cutting, often act at small spatial scales, and means for quantifying their impact on fine scale vegetation patterns are generally lacking. Here we adopt a set of landscape metrics, commonly used for quantifying coarse scale fragmentation, to quantify fine scale fragmentation, namely the fine scale vegetation structure. At this scale, patches often consist of individual plants smaller than 1 m 2, requiring the grain of the analysis to be much smaller. We used balloon aerial photographs to map fine details of Mediterranean vegetation (pixel size <0.04 m) in experimental plots subjected to grazing and clear-cutting and in undisturbed plots. Landscape metrics are sensitive to scale. Therefore, we aggregated the vegetation map into four coarser scales, up to a resolution of 1 m, and analyzed the effect of scale on the metrics and their ability to distinguish between different disturbances. At the finest scale, six of the seven landscape metrics we evaluated revealed significant differences between treated and undisturbed plots. Four metrics revealed differences between grazed and control plots, and six metrics revealed differences between cleared and control plots. The majority of metrics exhibited scaling relations. Aggregation had mixed effects on the differences between metric values for different disturbances. The control plots were the most sensitive to scale, followed by grazing and clearing. We conclude that landscape metrics are useful for quantifying the very fine scale impact of disturbance on woody vegetation, assuming that the analysis is based on sufficiently high spatial resolution data. © 2007 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Note:
Related Files :
balloon observation
biological invasion
clearcutting
Grazing
shrub
Spatial-pattern
spatial analysis
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1007/s10980-007-9189-0
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
26539
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:23
Scientific Publication
Quantifying the effect of grazing and shrub-clearing on small scale spatial pattern of vegetation
23
Bar Massada, A., Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel
Gabay, O., Mitrani Department of Desert Ecology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer 84990, Israel
Perevolotsky, A., Department of Agronomy and Natural Resources, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Carmel, Y., Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel
Quantifying the effect of grazing and shrub-clearing on small scale spatial pattern of vegetation
Disturbances such as grazing, invading species, and clear-cutting, often act at small spatial scales, and means for quantifying their impact on fine scale vegetation patterns are generally lacking. Here we adopt a set of landscape metrics, commonly used for quantifying coarse scale fragmentation, to quantify fine scale fragmentation, namely the fine scale vegetation structure. At this scale, patches often consist of individual plants smaller than 1 m 2, requiring the grain of the analysis to be much smaller. We used balloon aerial photographs to map fine details of Mediterranean vegetation (pixel size <0.04 m) in experimental plots subjected to grazing and clear-cutting and in undisturbed plots. Landscape metrics are sensitive to scale. Therefore, we aggregated the vegetation map into four coarser scales, up to a resolution of 1 m, and analyzed the effect of scale on the metrics and their ability to distinguish between different disturbances. At the finest scale, six of the seven landscape metrics we evaluated revealed significant differences between treated and undisturbed plots. Four metrics revealed differences between grazed and control plots, and six metrics revealed differences between cleared and control plots. The majority of metrics exhibited scaling relations. Aggregation had mixed effects on the differences between metric values for different disturbances. The control plots were the most sensitive to scale, followed by grazing and clearing. We conclude that landscape metrics are useful for quantifying the very fine scale impact of disturbance on woody vegetation, assuming that the analysis is based on sufficiently high spatial resolution data. © 2007 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Scientific Publication
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