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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Short-term watering-distance and symmetry effects on root and shoot growth of bell pepper plantlets
Year:
2011
Source of publication :
Agricultural Water Management
Authors :
מאירי, אברהם
;
.
נפתלייב, בוריס
;
.
פרידמן, שמואל
;
.
קומונר, גרגורי
;
.
Volume :
98
Co-Authors:
Meiri, A., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization and the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Naftaliev, B., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization and the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shmuel, D., Besor Experimental Station, Israel
Yechezkel, H., Besor Experimental Station, Israel
Communar, G., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization and the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Friedman, S.P., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization and the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
1557
To page:
1568
(
Total pages:
12
)
Abstract:
Drip lines were located at distances ranging from 0 to 60cm from one or both sides of a row of pepper plantlets, and we monitored the effects on their shoot development during 76 days from transplanting to full-size first fruits, on the final root system, and on the areal water and salt distributions in the upper 15-cm soil layer. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse with a sandy soil, and excess fresh water (1.9Ld-1 per plant) was applied via short daily irrigations. In addition, the effects of watering distance and symmetry on the potential water uptake rate were analyzed with a coupled-source-sink steady flow and uptake model. Initial faster shoot growth with the one-side system and short distances progressively changed to faster growth with the two-side system and longer watering distances, with the optimum at 30-40cm. These temporal changes are attributed to temporal changes in the root uptake of irrigation water: small plants with small root systems benefit from the larger water supply to a smaller soil volume provided by the one-side system, whereas larger plants with greater water needs could extract more irrigation water when they developed larger, split root systems in the two-side irrigation. Balanced root systems and maximal shoot growth can be obtained by starting the irrigation with a line on each side, near the plants, and moving the lines after a short time. © 2011.
Note:
Related Files :
irrigation
sandy soils
Soils
Soil volume
Temporal change
temporal variation
Water flow and uptake modeling
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.agwat.2011.05.010
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
26619
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:24
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Short-term watering-distance and symmetry effects on root and shoot growth of bell pepper plantlets
98
Meiri, A., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization and the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Naftaliev, B., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization and the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shmuel, D., Besor Experimental Station, Israel
Yechezkel, H., Besor Experimental Station, Israel
Communar, G., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization and the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Friedman, S.P., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization and the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Short-term watering-distance and symmetry effects on root and shoot growth of bell pepper plantlets
Drip lines were located at distances ranging from 0 to 60cm from one or both sides of a row of pepper plantlets, and we monitored the effects on their shoot development during 76 days from transplanting to full-size first fruits, on the final root system, and on the areal water and salt distributions in the upper 15-cm soil layer. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse with a sandy soil, and excess fresh water (1.9Ld-1 per plant) was applied via short daily irrigations. In addition, the effects of watering distance and symmetry on the potential water uptake rate were analyzed with a coupled-source-sink steady flow and uptake model. Initial faster shoot growth with the one-side system and short distances progressively changed to faster growth with the two-side system and longer watering distances, with the optimum at 30-40cm. These temporal changes are attributed to temporal changes in the root uptake of irrigation water: small plants with small root systems benefit from the larger water supply to a smaller soil volume provided by the one-side system, whereas larger plants with greater water needs could extract more irrigation water when they developed larger, split root systems in the two-side irrigation. Balanced root systems and maximal shoot growth can be obtained by starting the irrigation with a line on each side, near the plants, and moving the lines after a short time. © 2011.
Scientific Publication
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