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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides) responses to fertilization and salinity under irrigation conditions
Year:
2009
Authors :
אדלשטיין, מנחם
;
.
בן-חור, מני
;
.
דודאי, נתיב
;
.
פלאוט, צבי
;
.
Volume :
91
Co-Authors:
Edelstein, M., Department of Vegetable Crops, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, ARO, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30-095, Israel
Plaut, Z., Institute of Soils, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Dudai, N., Section of Aromatic and Medicinal Plants, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, ARO, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30-095, Israel
Ben-Hur, M., Institute of Soils, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
215
To page:
221
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
Vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides) has not been widely introduced in arid and semi-arid regions where irrigation, fertilization, and salinity are important factors in plant growth. The main objective of this study was to determine the response of vetiver to fertilization (fertigation) and salinity and their interactions under irrigated conditions. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse in 10-L pots. Combined effects of three nutrients concentrations and three salinity levels of electrical conductivity (EC) 1, 3 and 6 dS/m in the irrigation water on growth and transpiration of vetiver plants and the content of different elements in their foliage were studied. Similar contents of ∼3.7 g/kg Na, ∼5.77 g/kg Ca and ∼2.55 g/kg Mg were found in the foliage of all the plants irrigated with the different fertilizer and salinity levels. Concentrations of 59 mg/L N and 36.1 mg/L K in the irrigation water were sufficient for vetiver plants needs at the different salinity levels tested. The salinity threshold (the maximum EC in the soil solution that does not cause a significant yield reduction) for vetiver was between 3 and 6 dS/m. A concentration of 15.2 mg/L P in the irrigation water was the optimum value for vetiver growth in the three salinity levels, resulting in an average content of 5.95 g/kg P in plant foliage. It is suggested that vetiver is sensitive to excess P (>8.66 g/kg). Increasing EC in the irrigation water to 6 dS/m decreased plant foliage biomass mainly due to an increase in the osmotic potential of the irrigation water and high Cl- concentration in the foliage. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
Biomass
evapotranspiration
fertilizer application
irrigation
plant growth
transpiration
water
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.08.006
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
26715
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:24
Scientific Publication
Vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides) responses to fertilization and salinity under irrigation conditions
91
Edelstein, M., Department of Vegetable Crops, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, ARO, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30-095, Israel
Plaut, Z., Institute of Soils, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Dudai, N., Section of Aromatic and Medicinal Plants, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, ARO, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30-095, Israel
Ben-Hur, M., Institute of Soils, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides) responses to fertilization and salinity under irrigation conditions
Vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides) has not been widely introduced in arid and semi-arid regions where irrigation, fertilization, and salinity are important factors in plant growth. The main objective of this study was to determine the response of vetiver to fertilization (fertigation) and salinity and their interactions under irrigated conditions. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse in 10-L pots. Combined effects of three nutrients concentrations and three salinity levels of electrical conductivity (EC) 1, 3 and 6 dS/m in the irrigation water on growth and transpiration of vetiver plants and the content of different elements in their foliage were studied. Similar contents of ∼3.7 g/kg Na, ∼5.77 g/kg Ca and ∼2.55 g/kg Mg were found in the foliage of all the plants irrigated with the different fertilizer and salinity levels. Concentrations of 59 mg/L N and 36.1 mg/L K in the irrigation water were sufficient for vetiver plants needs at the different salinity levels tested. The salinity threshold (the maximum EC in the soil solution that does not cause a significant yield reduction) for vetiver was between 3 and 6 dS/m. A concentration of 15.2 mg/L P in the irrigation water was the optimum value for vetiver growth in the three salinity levels, resulting in an average content of 5.95 g/kg P in plant foliage. It is suggested that vetiver is sensitive to excess P (>8.66 g/kg). Increasing EC in the irrigation water to 6 dS/m decreased plant foliage biomass mainly due to an increase in the osmotic potential of the irrigation water and high Cl- concentration in the foliage. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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