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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Volatile organic compounds in the saturated-unsaturated interface region of a contaminated phreatic aquifer
Year:
2005
Source of publication :
Vadose Zone Journal
Authors :
גרבר, אלן
;
.
לאור, יעל
;
.
Volume :
4
Co-Authors:
Ronen, D., Research Department, Israel Hydrological Service, P.O. Box 20365, Tel Aviv 61203, Israel, Ben-Gurion Univ. of the Negev, The Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Dep. of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Sde Boker Campus 84990, Israel
Graber, E.R., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Laor, Y., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Newe-Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
337
To page:
344
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
Three volatile organic compound (VOC) field profiles were obtained during a period of 13 mo with a passive multilayer sampler (MLS) from a monitoring well located in the VOC-contaminated sandy phreatic Coastal Plain aquifer of Israel in the Tel Aviv area. The profiles presented here are unique in that they span both the saturated and unsaturated zones, through the saturated-unsaturated interface region (SUIR), and represent VOC concentrations from a single borehole. In groundwater just below the water table, the major contaminant, trichloroethylene (TCE), was present in concentrations up to 260 000 μ/L water, and in the unsaturated zone just above the water table, in concentrations up to 124 000 μ/L air. Other contaminants detected in high concentrations (as high as several thousands of μ/L) included tetrachloroethylene (PCE), cis-1,2-dichloro- ethylene (cis-1,2-DCE) and 1,1-dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE). In the three profiles, TCE and PCE concentrations were greatest at the water table and decreased with increasing distance from the water table both into the saturated and unsaturated zones. Temporal variations in maximal TCE vapor concentrations ranging from 44 000 to 124000 g/L air were also observed between profiles. The passive dif- fusion sampling characteristic of the MLS makes it possible to obtain unmixed vertical samples such that, for example, differences as great as 24 000μ TCE/L air can be measured in consecutive samples located only 12 cm apart in the unsaturated zone. The vertical detail is unique compared with other field sampling methods. Vertical detail is of utmost importance in interface regions, such as the SUIR, where water content in both the unsaturated and saturated zones varies significantly with depth, time, and space. © Soil Science Society of America.
Note:
Related Files :
aquifers
ethylene
Tel Aviv
temporal variation
Tetrachloroethylenes
Unsaturated compounds
Volatile organic compounds
Water tables
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.2136/vzj2004.0100
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
26975
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:27
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Scientific Publication
Volatile organic compounds in the saturated-unsaturated interface region of a contaminated phreatic aquifer
4
Ronen, D., Research Department, Israel Hydrological Service, P.O. Box 20365, Tel Aviv 61203, Israel, Ben-Gurion Univ. of the Negev, The Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Dep. of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Sde Boker Campus 84990, Israel
Graber, E.R., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Laor, Y., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Newe-Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Volatile organic compounds in the saturated-unsaturated interface region of a contaminated phreatic aquifer
Three volatile organic compound (VOC) field profiles were obtained during a period of 13 mo with a passive multilayer sampler (MLS) from a monitoring well located in the VOC-contaminated sandy phreatic Coastal Plain aquifer of Israel in the Tel Aviv area. The profiles presented here are unique in that they span both the saturated and unsaturated zones, through the saturated-unsaturated interface region (SUIR), and represent VOC concentrations from a single borehole. In groundwater just below the water table, the major contaminant, trichloroethylene (TCE), was present in concentrations up to 260 000 μ/L water, and in the unsaturated zone just above the water table, in concentrations up to 124 000 μ/L air. Other contaminants detected in high concentrations (as high as several thousands of μ/L) included tetrachloroethylene (PCE), cis-1,2-dichloro- ethylene (cis-1,2-DCE) and 1,1-dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE). In the three profiles, TCE and PCE concentrations were greatest at the water table and decreased with increasing distance from the water table both into the saturated and unsaturated zones. Temporal variations in maximal TCE vapor concentrations ranging from 44 000 to 124000 g/L air were also observed between profiles. The passive dif- fusion sampling characteristic of the MLS makes it possible to obtain unmixed vertical samples such that, for example, differences as great as 24 000μ TCE/L air can be measured in consecutive samples located only 12 cm apart in the unsaturated zone. The vertical detail is unique compared with other field sampling methods. Vertical detail is of utmost importance in interface regions, such as the SUIR, where water content in both the unsaturated and saturated zones varies significantly with depth, time, and space. © Soil Science Society of America.
Scientific Publication
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