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Contrasting patterns of seed and root colonization by bacteria from the genus Chryseobacterium and from the family Oxalobacteraceae
Year:
2007
Source of publication :
ISME Journal
Authors :
מינץ, דרור
;
.
Volume :
1
Co-Authors:
Green, S.J., Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel, SETI Institute, Mountain View, CA 94043, United States
Michel, F.C., Department of Food, Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Ohio State University, Wooster, OH, United States
Hadar, Y., Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Minz, D., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50-250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
291
To page:
299
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:
Microbial colonization of plant seeds and roots is a highly complex process in which soil and plant type can influence the composition of the root-associated and rhizosphere microbial communities. Amendment of compost, a common agricultural technique, introduces exogenous nutrients and microorganisms to the soil-plant environment, and can further influence microbial community composition in the plant environment. Although compost amendments can strongly influence soil and rhizosphere microbial communities, there is evidence that with increasing proximity to the root, plant influences predominate over soil effects. We hypothesized that the rhizosphere effect observed with proximity to plant surfaces does not act equally on all microorganisms. To explore this issue, we examined two bacterial taxa that reproducibly colonized seed and root surfaces in an experiment examining the influence of compost amendment on plant-associated bacterial communities. Population-specific analyses revealed striking differences in the ecology of bacteria from the genus Chryseobacterium and the family Oxalobacteraceae in potting mix and plant-associated environments. Seed- and root-colonizing Oxalobacteraceae populations were highly sensitive to plant effects, and phylogenetic analyses of root-colonizing Oxalobacteraceae revealed the presence of root-associated populations that were highly similar, regardless of treatment, and differed from the potting mix populations detected at the same sampling points. Conversely, Chryseobacterium community composition was found to be essentially invariant within treatments, but was strongly influenced by compost amendment. This persistence and stable nature of the Chryseobacterium community composition demonstrates that rhizosphere selection is not the exclusive factor involved in determining the composition of the cucumber spermosphere and rhizosphere communities. © 2007 International Society for Microbial Ecology All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
Cucumis sativus
Genetics
Growth, Development and Aging
molecular genetics
seeds
soil
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1038/ismej.2007.33
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
26977
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:27
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Scientific Publication
Contrasting patterns of seed and root colonization by bacteria from the genus Chryseobacterium and from the family Oxalobacteraceae
1
Green, S.J., Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel, SETI Institute, Mountain View, CA 94043, United States
Michel, F.C., Department of Food, Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Ohio State University, Wooster, OH, United States
Hadar, Y., Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Minz, D., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50-250, Israel
Contrasting patterns of seed and root colonization by bacteria from the genus Chryseobacterium and from the family Oxalobacteraceae
Microbial colonization of plant seeds and roots is a highly complex process in which soil and plant type can influence the composition of the root-associated and rhizosphere microbial communities. Amendment of compost, a common agricultural technique, introduces exogenous nutrients and microorganisms to the soil-plant environment, and can further influence microbial community composition in the plant environment. Although compost amendments can strongly influence soil and rhizosphere microbial communities, there is evidence that with increasing proximity to the root, plant influences predominate over soil effects. We hypothesized that the rhizosphere effect observed with proximity to plant surfaces does not act equally on all microorganisms. To explore this issue, we examined two bacterial taxa that reproducibly colonized seed and root surfaces in an experiment examining the influence of compost amendment on plant-associated bacterial communities. Population-specific analyses revealed striking differences in the ecology of bacteria from the genus Chryseobacterium and the family Oxalobacteraceae in potting mix and plant-associated environments. Seed- and root-colonizing Oxalobacteraceae populations were highly sensitive to plant effects, and phylogenetic analyses of root-colonizing Oxalobacteraceae revealed the presence of root-associated populations that were highly similar, regardless of treatment, and differed from the potting mix populations detected at the same sampling points. Conversely, Chryseobacterium community composition was found to be essentially invariant within treatments, but was strongly influenced by compost amendment. This persistence and stable nature of the Chryseobacterium community composition demonstrates that rhizosphere selection is not the exclusive factor involved in determining the composition of the cucumber spermosphere and rhizosphere communities. © 2007 International Society for Microbial Ecology All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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