נגישות
menu      
חיפוש מתקדם
תחביר
חפש...
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
ניהול
קהילה:
אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Reduced dosage of methyl bromide for controlling verticillium wilt of potato in experimental and commercial plots
Year:
1997
Source of publication :
Plant Disease
Authors :
גמליאל, אברהם
;
.
גרינשטיין, אבי
;
.
ליבסקו, ליביו
;
.
נחמיאס, אברהם
;
.
צרור, לאה
;
.
Volume :
81
Co-Authors:
Gamliel, A., Lab. for Pest Management Application, ARO the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Grinstein, A., Lab. for Pest Management Application, ARO the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Peretz, Y., Hevel Maon, Mobile post, Hanegev 85465, Israel
Klein, L., Bromine Compounds Ltd., Agricultural Department, P.O.B. 180, Beer Sheva, Israel
Nachmias, A., ARO, Gilat Experiment Station, Israel
Tsror, L., ARO, Gilat Experiment Station, Israel
Livescu, L., ARO, Gilat Experiment Station, Israel
Katan, J., Dept. Plant Pathol. and Microbiol., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agriculture, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
469
To page:
474
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
The use of gas-impermeable films to reduce the dosage of methyl bromide (MB) required to control Verticillium wilt in potatoes was examined in field experiments, conducted in soils naturally infested with Verticillium dahliae. The incidence and severity of Verticillium wilt were significantly reduced (by 74 to 94%) by fumigation with MB at 50 g/m 2 under standard low density polyethylene (LDPE) or at 25 g/m 2 under gas-impermeable films. Fumigation at 25 g/m 2 under LDPE was less effective. Disease severity was inversely correlated (r 2 = 0.89 to 0.91) with chlorophyll content in the leaves. Fumigation also reduced (by 89 to 100%) stem colonization by the pathogen. Potato yield in the fumigated plots was significantly higher (26 to 69%), than in their nonfumigated counterparts, and was inversely correlated with disease index (r 2 = 0.69 to 0.9). The percentage of high-value tubers (above 45 g) was 52 to 56% of total yield in the fumigated plots as compared with 32 to 40% in the nonfumigated controls. Thus, fumigation also improved the commercial quality of tuber yield. Effective control of V. dahliae and yield increases following MB fumigation at the recommended dosage or at a reduced dosage with gas-impermeable films was also observed in a consecutive crop. These results were verified in a large-scale field experiment using commercial applications, further demonstrating the feasibility of reducing MB dosages under farm conditions, without reducing its effectiveness in terms of disease control and yield improvement.
Note:
Related Files :
Soil disinfestation
Solanum tuberosum
Verticillium dahliae
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
27092
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:28
Scientific Publication
Reduced dosage of methyl bromide for controlling verticillium wilt of potato in experimental and commercial plots
81
Gamliel, A., Lab. for Pest Management Application, ARO the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Grinstein, A., Lab. for Pest Management Application, ARO the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Peretz, Y., Hevel Maon, Mobile post, Hanegev 85465, Israel
Klein, L., Bromine Compounds Ltd., Agricultural Department, P.O.B. 180, Beer Sheva, Israel
Nachmias, A., ARO, Gilat Experiment Station, Israel
Tsror, L., ARO, Gilat Experiment Station, Israel
Livescu, L., ARO, Gilat Experiment Station, Israel
Katan, J., Dept. Plant Pathol. and Microbiol., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agriculture, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Reduced dosage of methyl bromide for controlling verticillium wilt of potato in experimental and commercial plots
The use of gas-impermeable films to reduce the dosage of methyl bromide (MB) required to control Verticillium wilt in potatoes was examined in field experiments, conducted in soils naturally infested with Verticillium dahliae. The incidence and severity of Verticillium wilt were significantly reduced (by 74 to 94%) by fumigation with MB at 50 g/m 2 under standard low density polyethylene (LDPE) or at 25 g/m 2 under gas-impermeable films. Fumigation at 25 g/m 2 under LDPE was less effective. Disease severity was inversely correlated (r 2 = 0.89 to 0.91) with chlorophyll content in the leaves. Fumigation also reduced (by 89 to 100%) stem colonization by the pathogen. Potato yield in the fumigated plots was significantly higher (26 to 69%), than in their nonfumigated counterparts, and was inversely correlated with disease index (r 2 = 0.69 to 0.9). The percentage of high-value tubers (above 45 g) was 52 to 56% of total yield in the fumigated plots as compared with 32 to 40% in the nonfumigated controls. Thus, fumigation also improved the commercial quality of tuber yield. Effective control of V. dahliae and yield increases following MB fumigation at the recommended dosage or at a reduced dosage with gas-impermeable films was also observed in a consecutive crop. These results were verified in a large-scale field experiment using commercial applications, further demonstrating the feasibility of reducing MB dosages under farm conditions, without reducing its effectiveness in terms of disease control and yield improvement.
Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in