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אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Induction of resistance to Penicillium digitatum in grapefruit by the yeast biocontrol agent Candida oleophila
Year:
2002
Source of publication :
Phytopathology
Authors :
דעוס, אבינועם
;
.
דרובי, סמיר
;
.
וייס, בתיה
;
.
וינוקור, ויקטור
;
.
כהן, לידיה
;
.
פורת, רון
;
.
Volume :
92
Co-Authors:

Droby, S., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Vinokur, V., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Weiss, B., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Cohen, L., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Daus, A., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Goldschmidt, E.E., The Kennedy-Leigh Center for Horticultural Research, Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Porat, R., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel

Facilitators :
From page:
393
To page:
399
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
The yeast Candida oleophila, the base of the commercial product Aspire, is recommended for the control of postharvest decay in citrus and pome fruit. Its modes of action include nutrient competition, site exclusion, and direct mycoparasitism. In the present study, we showed that application of Candida oleophila to surface wounds or to intact 'Marsh Seedless' grapefruit elicited systemic resistance against Penicillium digitatum, the main postharvest pathogen of citrus fruit. The induction of pathogen resistance in fruit was already pronounced 24 h after elicitation; it was distance, concentration, and time dependent and restricted to the peel tissue closely surrounding the yeast application site. The induction of pathogen resistance required viable yeast cells at concentrations of 108 to 109 cells ml-1. Nonviable autoclaved or boiled yeast cells or lower yeast concentrations were ineffective in enhancing fruit disease resistance. Application of Candida oleophila cell suspensions to grapefruit peel tissue increased ethylene biosynthesis, phenylalanine ammonia lyase activity, and phytoalexin accumulation, and increased chitinase and β1,3-endoglucanase protein levels, indicated by western immunoblotting analysis. Scanning electron microscope observations revealed that spore germination and germ tube growth of Penicillium digitatum were markedly inhibited in wounds made near the yeast-treated sites. Overall, this study provides evidence that induced resistance against postharvest decay of citrus fruit should be considered an important component of the multiple modes of action of the yeast Candida oleophila.
Note:
Related Files :
autoclave
biological control agent
biosynthesis
Candida oleophila
chitinase
grapefruits
phytoalexin
Pome fruit
yeast cell
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
27120
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:28
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Induction of resistance to Penicillium digitatum in grapefruit by the yeast biocontrol agent Candida oleophila
92

Droby, S., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Vinokur, V., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Weiss, B., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Cohen, L., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Daus, A., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Goldschmidt, E.E., The Kennedy-Leigh Center for Horticultural Research, Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Porat, R., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel

Induction of resistance to Penicillium digitatum in grapefruit by the yeast biocontrol agent Candida oleophila
The yeast Candida oleophila, the base of the commercial product Aspire, is recommended for the control of postharvest decay in citrus and pome fruit. Its modes of action include nutrient competition, site exclusion, and direct mycoparasitism. In the present study, we showed that application of Candida oleophila to surface wounds or to intact 'Marsh Seedless' grapefruit elicited systemic resistance against Penicillium digitatum, the main postharvest pathogen of citrus fruit. The induction of pathogen resistance in fruit was already pronounced 24 h after elicitation; it was distance, concentration, and time dependent and restricted to the peel tissue closely surrounding the yeast application site. The induction of pathogen resistance required viable yeast cells at concentrations of 108 to 109 cells ml-1. Nonviable autoclaved or boiled yeast cells or lower yeast concentrations were ineffective in enhancing fruit disease resistance. Application of Candida oleophila cell suspensions to grapefruit peel tissue increased ethylene biosynthesis, phenylalanine ammonia lyase activity, and phytoalexin accumulation, and increased chitinase and β1,3-endoglucanase protein levels, indicated by western immunoblotting analysis. Scanning electron microscope observations revealed that spore germination and germ tube growth of Penicillium digitatum were markedly inhibited in wounds made near the yeast-treated sites. Overall, this study provides evidence that induced resistance against postharvest decay of citrus fruit should be considered an important component of the multiple modes of action of the yeast Candida oleophila.
Scientific Publication
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