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חיפוש מתקדם
Entomophaga
Cohen, H., Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rchovot 76100, Israel
The effects of one acaricide (cyhexatin), two fungicides (penconazole and sulfur), and six insecticides (azinphos-methyl, chlorpyrifos, imidacloprid, pirimicarb. triazamate and vamidothion) on the adult stage of the parasitoid Aphelinux mall (Haideman), a parasite of the woolly apple aphid Eriosoma lanigerum (Hausmann), were investigated under laboratory conditions. Chlorpyrifos (an organophosphorus insecticide-OP) was found to be highly toxic to the adult wasps. Vamidothion (OP) was more toxic to the parasitoid than azinphos-methyl (OP). On the other hand, both chlorpyrifos and azinphos-methyl were found to be harmless to the immature stages of the parasitoid in a test conducted under semi-field conditions. Of the other insecticides, imidacloprid was more toxic to the adult parasitoid than pirimicarb and triazamate. Neither cyhexatin nor penconazole had a considerable toxic effect upon the parasitoid. In contrast, sulfur was found to be moderately toxic to the parasitoid under laboratory conditions, as well as in a field survey in which we followed populations of E. lanigerum and A. mail parasitization in sulfur-treated plots, and in a plot treated with Ampelomyces quisqualis Ces., a fungus antagonist to powdery mildew. The implications of these results to IPM programs of apple orchards in Israel are discussed.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Susceptibility of the woolly apple aphid parasitoid, aphel1nus mali (hym.: aphelinidae), to common pesticides used in apple orchards in israel
41
Cohen, H., Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rchovot 76100, Israel
Susceptibility of the woolly apple aphid parasitoid, aphel1nus mali (hym.: aphelinidae), to common pesticides used in apple orchards in israel
The effects of one acaricide (cyhexatin), two fungicides (penconazole and sulfur), and six insecticides (azinphos-methyl, chlorpyrifos, imidacloprid, pirimicarb. triazamate and vamidothion) on the adult stage of the parasitoid Aphelinux mall (Haideman), a parasite of the woolly apple aphid Eriosoma lanigerum (Hausmann), were investigated under laboratory conditions. Chlorpyrifos (an organophosphorus insecticide-OP) was found to be highly toxic to the adult wasps. Vamidothion (OP) was more toxic to the parasitoid than azinphos-methyl (OP). On the other hand, both chlorpyrifos and azinphos-methyl were found to be harmless to the immature stages of the parasitoid in a test conducted under semi-field conditions. Of the other insecticides, imidacloprid was more toxic to the adult parasitoid than pirimicarb and triazamate. Neither cyhexatin nor penconazole had a considerable toxic effect upon the parasitoid. In contrast, sulfur was found to be moderately toxic to the parasitoid under laboratory conditions, as well as in a field survey in which we followed populations of E. lanigerum and A. mail parasitization in sulfur-treated plots, and in a plot treated with Ampelomyces quisqualis Ces., a fungus antagonist to powdery mildew. The implications of these results to IPM programs of apple orchards in Israel are discussed.
Scientific Publication
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