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Journal of Hydrology
Tanny, J., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Cohen, S., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Berger, D., Mekorot - The National Water Company, P.O. Box 610, Nazareth Illit 17105, Israel
Teltch, B., Mekorot - The National Water Company, P.O. Box 610, Nazareth Illit 17105, Israel
Mekhmandarov, Y., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Bahar, M., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Katul, G.G., Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Box 90328, Durham, NC 27708-0328, United States
Assouline, S., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Operational water reservoirs are used to manage the supply of water according to the local demand and availability. Hence, such reservoirs are characterized by large variability in the water level due to variations in inflow and outflow rates, thereby complicating the measurement and modeling of evaporation. The present study investigated evaporation from an open water body characterized by a rapidly fluctuating water level using an eddy covariance system (ECS) constrained by limited fetch. The aim is to identify the evaporation model which is in best agreement with the directly measured evaporation. The water vapor source area within the footprint of the ECS is of a dual nature, comprising the water surface and surrounding soil. Hence this study explored correcting the ECS evaporation rate by a footprint model that accounts for both the variable water level and the limited fetch. This correction significantly improved the reservoir energy balance closure and the agreement between measurements and models that primarily rely on the energy balance approach (e.g. Penman type models). Mean daily evaporation during 104days (not continuous) from May to August 2008 was 6.73±1.16mmday-1. A reduction in daily evaporation from June to August was associated with the decrease in net radiation from its peak value in June. The Penman-Brutsaert model agreed best with the modified ECS measurements in providing long-term (104days) prediction while on a daily basis the Penman model performed best. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Evaporation from a reservoir with fluctuating water level: Correcting for limited fetch
404
Tanny, J., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Cohen, S., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Berger, D., Mekorot - The National Water Company, P.O. Box 610, Nazareth Illit 17105, Israel
Teltch, B., Mekorot - The National Water Company, P.O. Box 610, Nazareth Illit 17105, Israel
Mekhmandarov, Y., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Bahar, M., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Katul, G.G., Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Box 90328, Durham, NC 27708-0328, United States
Assouline, S., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Evaporation from a reservoir with fluctuating water level: Correcting for limited fetch
Operational water reservoirs are used to manage the supply of water according to the local demand and availability. Hence, such reservoirs are characterized by large variability in the water level due to variations in inflow and outflow rates, thereby complicating the measurement and modeling of evaporation. The present study investigated evaporation from an open water body characterized by a rapidly fluctuating water level using an eddy covariance system (ECS) constrained by limited fetch. The aim is to identify the evaporation model which is in best agreement with the directly measured evaporation. The water vapor source area within the footprint of the ECS is of a dual nature, comprising the water surface and surrounding soil. Hence this study explored correcting the ECS evaporation rate by a footprint model that accounts for both the variable water level and the limited fetch. This correction significantly improved the reservoir energy balance closure and the agreement between measurements and models that primarily rely on the energy balance approach (e.g. Penman type models). Mean daily evaporation during 104days (not continuous) from May to August 2008 was 6.73±1.16mmday-1. A reduction in daily evaporation from June to August was associated with the decrease in net radiation from its peak value in June. The Penman-Brutsaert model agreed best with the modified ECS measurements in providing long-term (104days) prediction while on a daily basis the Penman model performed best. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
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