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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Antioxidative activity associated with chilling injury tolerance of muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) rind
Year:
2011
Source of publication :
Scientia Horticulturae
Authors :
גינזברג, עידית
;
.
תנעמי, זכריה
;
.
Volume :
128
Co-Authors:
Fogelman, E., Institute of Plant Sciences, ARO and Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Kaplan, A., Institute of Plant Sciences, ARO and Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel, Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Zonguldak Karaelmas University, 67100, Incivez, Zonguldak, Turkey
Tanami, Z., Institute of Plant Sciences, ARO and Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Ginzberg, I., Institute of Plant Sciences, ARO and Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
267
To page:
273
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
'Galia' melon (Cucumis melo L. var. reticulatus) is a climacteric fruit with a short storage life. To prevent over-ripening, fruits are stored at 4-6°C, which also results in chilling injury (CI) that appears as numerous brown spots on the surface of the fruit. It has been suggested that exposure of 'Galia' fruits to high growth temperatures in the field renders them sensitive to low storage temperatures. Activity profile of the antioxidative enzymes catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and glutathione reductase (GR) was monitored in the rind of 'Galia' fruits during low-temperature storage, to associate each enzyme's activity with CI incidence. Experiments were performed with low-temperature-sensitive and tolerant varieties, 5080 S and 1537 T respectively, and included a pre-storage treatment of hot-water wash of 5080 S fruits. Results suggested that SOD and POD activities play a general role in the rind's response to low temperatures and are not directly related to CI tolerance. APX activity showed varying levels and its association with development/prevention of CI symptoms remains unclear. However, activity profiles of GR and CAT suggested a role for these enzymes in CI tolerance of 'Galia' melon rind. Reduced activity of CAT in the rind of 5080 S fruits was associated with CI development while unchanged or induced activity was monitored when no symptoms were observed. Likewise, lack of CI symptoms in the rind of 5080 S fruits was associated with a significant induction of GR activity. Pre-storage hot-wash treatment resulted in induced CAT activity, which may contribute to the cold tolerance of the rind and prevention of CI development. However, GR activity was reduced following the heat treatment, which may explain the susceptibility of the fruit to CI following growth at high field temperatures. The present work emphasizes the need to develop 'Galia' melon varieties with an efficient antioxidative system to prevent the development of CI symptoms while preserving the high-quality taste and aroma characteristic of these fruits. Increasing the activities of CAT and GR could be the prime target in such breeding programs. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Note:
Related Files :
chilling injury
cold tolerance
Cucumis melo
Cucumis melo L.
Developmental Biology
temperature effect
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.scienta.2011.01.034
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
27390
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:30
Scientific Publication
Antioxidative activity associated with chilling injury tolerance of muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) rind
128
Fogelman, E., Institute of Plant Sciences, ARO and Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Kaplan, A., Institute of Plant Sciences, ARO and Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel, Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Zonguldak Karaelmas University, 67100, Incivez, Zonguldak, Turkey
Tanami, Z., Institute of Plant Sciences, ARO and Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Ginzberg, I., Institute of Plant Sciences, ARO and Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Antioxidative activity associated with chilling injury tolerance of muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) rind
'Galia' melon (Cucumis melo L. var. reticulatus) is a climacteric fruit with a short storage life. To prevent over-ripening, fruits are stored at 4-6°C, which also results in chilling injury (CI) that appears as numerous brown spots on the surface of the fruit. It has been suggested that exposure of 'Galia' fruits to high growth temperatures in the field renders them sensitive to low storage temperatures. Activity profile of the antioxidative enzymes catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and glutathione reductase (GR) was monitored in the rind of 'Galia' fruits during low-temperature storage, to associate each enzyme's activity with CI incidence. Experiments were performed with low-temperature-sensitive and tolerant varieties, 5080 S and 1537 T respectively, and included a pre-storage treatment of hot-water wash of 5080 S fruits. Results suggested that SOD and POD activities play a general role in the rind's response to low temperatures and are not directly related to CI tolerance. APX activity showed varying levels and its association with development/prevention of CI symptoms remains unclear. However, activity profiles of GR and CAT suggested a role for these enzymes in CI tolerance of 'Galia' melon rind. Reduced activity of CAT in the rind of 5080 S fruits was associated with CI development while unchanged or induced activity was monitored when no symptoms were observed. Likewise, lack of CI symptoms in the rind of 5080 S fruits was associated with a significant induction of GR activity. Pre-storage hot-wash treatment resulted in induced CAT activity, which may contribute to the cold tolerance of the rind and prevention of CI development. However, GR activity was reduced following the heat treatment, which may explain the susceptibility of the fruit to CI following growth at high field temperatures. The present work emphasizes the need to develop 'Galia' melon varieties with an efficient antioxidative system to prevent the development of CI symptoms while preserving the high-quality taste and aroma characteristic of these fruits. Increasing the activities of CAT and GR could be the prime target in such breeding programs. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Scientific Publication
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