חיפוש מתקדם
Advances in Water Resources
Russo, D., Department of Soil Physics, Institute of Soils and Water, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Tauber-Yasur, I., Dept. of Soil Residue Chemistry, Institute of Soils and Water, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Laufer, A., Department of Soil Physics, Institute of Soils and Water, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Yaron, B., Dept. of Soil Residue Chemistry, Institute of Soils and Water, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Field-scale transport of bromacil (5-bromo-3-sec-butyl-6-methyluracil) was analyzed using two different model processes for local description of the transport. The first was the classical, one-region convection dispersion equation (CDE) model while the second was the two-region, mobile-immobile (MIM) model. The analyses were performed by means of detailed three-dimensional, numerical simulations of the flow and the transport [Russo, D., Zaidel, J. and Laufer, A. Numerical analysis of flow and transport in a three-dimensional partially saturated heterogeneous soil. Water Resour. Res., 1998, in press, employing local soil hydraulic properties parameters from field measurements and local adsorption/desorption coefficients and the first-order degradation rate coefficient from laboratory measurements. Results of the analyses suggest that for a given flow regime, mass exchange between the mobile and the immobile regions retards the bromacil degradation, considerably affects the distribution of the bromacil resident concentration, c, at relatively large travel times, slightly affects the spatial moments of the distribution of c, and increases the skewing of the bromacil breakthrough and the uncertainty in its prediction, compared with the case in which the soil contained only a single (mobile) region. Mean and standard deviation of the simulated concentration profiles at various elapsed times were compared with measurements from a field-scale transport experiment [Tauber-Yasur, I., Hadas, A., Russo, D. and Yaron, B. Leaching of terbuthylazine and bromacil through field soils. Water, Air Soil Poln., 1998. in press] conducted at the Bet Dagan site. Given the limitations of the present study (e.g. the lack of detailed field data on the spatial variability of the soil chemical properties) the main conclusion of the present study is that the field-scale transport of bromacil at the Bet Dagan site is better quantified with the MIM model than the CDE model.
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הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Numerical analysis of field-scale transport of bromacil
21
Russo, D., Department of Soil Physics, Institute of Soils and Water, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Tauber-Yasur, I., Dept. of Soil Residue Chemistry, Institute of Soils and Water, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Laufer, A., Department of Soil Physics, Institute of Soils and Water, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Yaron, B., Dept. of Soil Residue Chemistry, Institute of Soils and Water, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Numerical analysis of field-scale transport of bromacil
Field-scale transport of bromacil (5-bromo-3-sec-butyl-6-methyluracil) was analyzed using two different model processes for local description of the transport. The first was the classical, one-region convection dispersion equation (CDE) model while the second was the two-region, mobile-immobile (MIM) model. The analyses were performed by means of detailed three-dimensional, numerical simulations of the flow and the transport [Russo, D., Zaidel, J. and Laufer, A. Numerical analysis of flow and transport in a three-dimensional partially saturated heterogeneous soil. Water Resour. Res., 1998, in press, employing local soil hydraulic properties parameters from field measurements and local adsorption/desorption coefficients and the first-order degradation rate coefficient from laboratory measurements. Results of the analyses suggest that for a given flow regime, mass exchange between the mobile and the immobile regions retards the bromacil degradation, considerably affects the distribution of the bromacil resident concentration, c, at relatively large travel times, slightly affects the spatial moments of the distribution of c, and increases the skewing of the bromacil breakthrough and the uncertainty in its prediction, compared with the case in which the soil contained only a single (mobile) region. Mean and standard deviation of the simulated concentration profiles at various elapsed times were compared with measurements from a field-scale transport experiment [Tauber-Yasur, I., Hadas, A., Russo, D. and Yaron, B. Leaching of terbuthylazine and bromacil through field soils. Water, Air Soil Poln., 1998. in press] conducted at the Bet Dagan site. Given the limitations of the present study (e.g. the lack of detailed field data on the spatial variability of the soil chemical properties) the main conclusion of the present study is that the field-scale transport of bromacil at the Bet Dagan site is better quantified with the MIM model than the CDE model.
Scientific Publication
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