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Transovarial transmission of rickettsia spp. and organ-specific infection of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci
Year:
2012
Authors :
ברומין, מרינה
;
.
גנאים, מוראד
;
.
Volume :
78
Co-Authors:


Levy, M., Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Ghanim, M., Department of Entomology, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel

Facilitators :
From page:
5565
To page:
5574
(
Total pages:
10
)
Abstract:
The whitefly Bemisia tabaci is a cosmopolitan insect pest that harbors Portiera aleyrodidarum, the primary obligatory symbiotic bacterium, and several facultative secondary symbionts. Secondary symbionts in B. tabaci are generally associated with the bacteriome, ensuring their vertical transmission; however, Rickettsia is an exception and occupies most of the body cavity, except the bacteriome. The mode of Rickettsia transfer between generations and its subcellular localization in insect organs have not been investigated. Using electron and fluorescence microscopy, we show that Rickettsia infects the digestive, salivary, and reproductive organs of the insect; however, it was not observed in the bacteriome. Rickettsia invades the oocytes during early developmental stages and resides in follicular cells and cytoplasm; it is mostly excluded when the egg matures; however, some bacterial cells remain in the egg, ensuring their transfer to subsequent generations. Rickettsia was localized to testicles and the spermatheca, suggesting a horizontal transfer between males and females during mating. The bacterium was further observed at large amounts in midgut cells, concentrating in vacuole-like structures, and was located in the hemolymph, specifically at exceptionally large amounts around bacteriocytes and in fat bodies. Organs further infected by Rickettsia included the primary salivary glands and stylets, sites of possible secretion of the bacterium outside the whitefly body. The close association between Rickettsia and the B. tabaci digestive system might be important for digestive purposes. The vertical transmission of Rickettsia to subsequent generations occurs via the oocyte and not, like other secondary symbionts, the bacteriome. © 2012, American Society for Microbiology.
Note:
Related Files :
Animal
Animals
animal structures
bacteria
Bemisia tabaci
Female
Male
Microbiology
testis
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1128/AEM.01184-12
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
27491
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:31
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Scientific Publication
Transovarial transmission of rickettsia spp. and organ-specific infection of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci
78


Levy, M., Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Ghanim, M., Department of Entomology, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel

Transovarial transmission of rickettsia spp. and organ-specific infection of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci
The whitefly Bemisia tabaci is a cosmopolitan insect pest that harbors Portiera aleyrodidarum, the primary obligatory symbiotic bacterium, and several facultative secondary symbionts. Secondary symbionts in B. tabaci are generally associated with the bacteriome, ensuring their vertical transmission; however, Rickettsia is an exception and occupies most of the body cavity, except the bacteriome. The mode of Rickettsia transfer between generations and its subcellular localization in insect organs have not been investigated. Using electron and fluorescence microscopy, we show that Rickettsia infects the digestive, salivary, and reproductive organs of the insect; however, it was not observed in the bacteriome. Rickettsia invades the oocytes during early developmental stages and resides in follicular cells and cytoplasm; it is mostly excluded when the egg matures; however, some bacterial cells remain in the egg, ensuring their transfer to subsequent generations. Rickettsia was localized to testicles and the spermatheca, suggesting a horizontal transfer between males and females during mating. The bacterium was further observed at large amounts in midgut cells, concentrating in vacuole-like structures, and was located in the hemolymph, specifically at exceptionally large amounts around bacteriocytes and in fat bodies. Organs further infected by Rickettsia included the primary salivary glands and stylets, sites of possible secretion of the bacterium outside the whitefly body. The close association between Rickettsia and the B. tabaci digestive system might be important for digestive purposes. The vertical transmission of Rickettsia to subsequent generations occurs via the oocyte and not, like other secondary symbionts, the bacteriome. © 2012, American Society for Microbiology.
Scientific Publication
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