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אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
The biochemical basis of pathogenicity and host-specificity of Penicillium digitatum on citrus
Year:
2010
Source of publication :
Acta Horticulturae
Authors :
דרובי, סמיר
;
.
כהן, לידיה
;
.
רפאל, גינת
;
.
Volume :
877
Co-Authors:
Droby, S., Department of Postharvest, Science Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Cohen, L., Department of Postharvest, Science Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Rafael, G., Department of Postharvest, Science Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Wisniewski, M., Appalachian Fruit Research Station, US Department of Agriculture Agricultural, Research Service, 2217 Wiltshire Road, Kearneysville, WV 25430, United States
Macarisin, D., Appalachian Fruit Research Station, US Department of Agriculture Agricultural, Research Service, 2217 Wiltshire Road, Kearneysville, WV 25430, United States
Facilitators :
From page:
1663
To page:
1674
(
Total pages:
12
)
Abstract:
In this work we report that volatiles emitted from wounded citrus peel play a major role in host recognition by Penicillium digitatum. Volatiles of various citrus cultivars had a pronounced stimulatory effect on germination and germ tube elongation of green mold pathogen. When exposed to volatiles from grapefruit, the percentage of P. digitatum spores germinated on minimal media was 10-fold higher as compared to the control. In contrast, conidia germination and growth in non-host pathogens, Botrytis cinerea and Penicillium expansum, were either not affected or inhibited by the citrus peel volatiles. A GS-MS analysis of volatile compounds in the wound head space of various citrus fruit cultivars revealed that limonene is the major compound, suggesting it as a potential chemical regulator of germination in P. digitatum. After reaching the wound, to successfully colonize the entire fruit, P. digitatum needs to overcome defense mechanisms in the host tissue. Indeed, we found that P. digitatum actively suppresses a defense-related hydrogen peroxide (H2O 2) burst in the citrus peel. In contrast, inoculation of citrus fruit with a non-pathogenic fungus, Penicillium expansum, triggers a massive production of H2O2 in host cells. Important, that initially (8 to 17h after inoculation) both fungi trigger an elevation in H 2O2 levels in lemon peel disks. Later, approximately 25h after inoculation P. digitatum succeeds to significantly suppress H 2O2 production by host cells, while in discs inoculated with P. expansum, the level of H2O2 was 2.5-fold above the control value at this time point. Suppression of H2O2 production in host tissue by exogenous citric acid significantly (P≤0.05) enhanced pathogenicity of P. digitatum and even allowed a non-pathogenic P. expansum to develop large lesions on lemons, oranges and grapefruits. These results, together with recent reports suggesting the potential involvement of citric acid in green mold pathogenesis, indicate that the ability to suppress hydrogen peroxide production in host tissue plays an important role in pathogenicity of P. digitatum on citrus fruit.
Note:
Related Files :
Citrus limon
Citrus x paradisi
fungi
green mold
host-pathogen interaction
Penicillium expansum
Volatiles
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר מתוך כינוס
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
27526
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:31
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
The biochemical basis of pathogenicity and host-specificity of Penicillium digitatum on citrus
877
Droby, S., Department of Postharvest, Science Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Cohen, L., Department of Postharvest, Science Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Rafael, G., Department of Postharvest, Science Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Wisniewski, M., Appalachian Fruit Research Station, US Department of Agriculture Agricultural, Research Service, 2217 Wiltshire Road, Kearneysville, WV 25430, United States
Macarisin, D., Appalachian Fruit Research Station, US Department of Agriculture Agricultural, Research Service, 2217 Wiltshire Road, Kearneysville, WV 25430, United States
The biochemical basis of pathogenicity and host-specificity of Penicillium digitatum on citrus
In this work we report that volatiles emitted from wounded citrus peel play a major role in host recognition by Penicillium digitatum. Volatiles of various citrus cultivars had a pronounced stimulatory effect on germination and germ tube elongation of green mold pathogen. When exposed to volatiles from grapefruit, the percentage of P. digitatum spores germinated on minimal media was 10-fold higher as compared to the control. In contrast, conidia germination and growth in non-host pathogens, Botrytis cinerea and Penicillium expansum, were either not affected or inhibited by the citrus peel volatiles. A GS-MS analysis of volatile compounds in the wound head space of various citrus fruit cultivars revealed that limonene is the major compound, suggesting it as a potential chemical regulator of germination in P. digitatum. After reaching the wound, to successfully colonize the entire fruit, P. digitatum needs to overcome defense mechanisms in the host tissue. Indeed, we found that P. digitatum actively suppresses a defense-related hydrogen peroxide (H2O 2) burst in the citrus peel. In contrast, inoculation of citrus fruit with a non-pathogenic fungus, Penicillium expansum, triggers a massive production of H2O2 in host cells. Important, that initially (8 to 17h after inoculation) both fungi trigger an elevation in H 2O2 levels in lemon peel disks. Later, approximately 25h after inoculation P. digitatum succeeds to significantly suppress H 2O2 production by host cells, while in discs inoculated with P. expansum, the level of H2O2 was 2.5-fold above the control value at this time point. Suppression of H2O2 production in host tissue by exogenous citric acid significantly (P≤0.05) enhanced pathogenicity of P. digitatum and even allowed a non-pathogenic P. expansum to develop large lesions on lemons, oranges and grapefruits. These results, together with recent reports suggesting the potential involvement of citric acid in green mold pathogenesis, indicate that the ability to suppress hydrogen peroxide production in host tissue plays an important role in pathogenicity of P. digitatum on citrus fruit.
Scientific Publication
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