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Forest Ecology and Management
Osem, Y., The Department of Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, ARO, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Zangy, E., The Department of Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, ARO, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Bney-Moshe, E., The Department of Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, ARO, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Moshe, Y., The Department of Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, ARO, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Karni, N., Forest Management, Monitoring and GIS, Forest Department, Central Region, KKL, Eshtaol, M.P. Shimshon 99775, Israel
Nisan, Y., Forest Management, Monitoring and GIS, Forest Department, Central Region, KKL, Eshtaol, M.P. Shimshon 99775, Israel
The aim was to study the potential for using natural regeneration as a basis for transformation of simply structured conifer plantations into mixed Mediterranean forests. We studied the variation along a rainfall gradient, in the natural regeneration of tree species in the understory of planted 40- to 50-year-old Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis) forests. The study was conducted within the Mediterranean zone of Israel, which extends from the semiarid northern Negev desert (rainfall ca. 300 mm yr-1) in the south to the humid Upper Galilee in the north (ca 900 mm yr-1). Cover and height, density, and species composition of regenerating trees were measured on south- and north-facing slopes in forest sites of comparable silvicultural history (site preparation methodology, planting density and thinning regime) distributed along the rainfall gradient. Altogether, 12 species of regenerating native broadleaved trees were found in the understory of the various forest sites. Surface cover, density and species richness increased linearly along the entire rainfall gradient, on both north- and south-facing slopes, ranging from zero in the driest forest sites up to 85% cover, 7980 trees ha-1 and 4.5 species per 200 m2, respectively, in the most humid ones. Species composition of regenerating trees was also related to rainfall amount, through changes in the relative importance of species along the rainfall gradient. The effect of topographic aspect on tree regeneration was inconsistent, i.e., the interaction Rainfall × Aspect was significant. Nevertheless, the general trend showed better regeneration on north-facing slopes. Most of the regenerating trees in the understory were small, i.e., less than 100 cm in height, with no clear effect of rainfall amount and topographic aspect on the relative abundance of height classes. Regeneration by Aleppo pine was highly variable among and within the different forest sites and ranged from 0 to 1565 trees ha-1, with no clear relationships with rainfall amount and topographic aspect. In light of our results we propose that the future structure of forests should vary with respect to annual rainfall amount within possible silvicultural scenarios. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
The potential of transforming simple structured pine plantations into mixed Mediterranean forests through natural regeneration along a rainfall gradient
259
Osem, Y., The Department of Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, ARO, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Zangy, E., The Department of Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, ARO, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Bney-Moshe, E., The Department of Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, ARO, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Moshe, Y., The Department of Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, ARO, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Karni, N., Forest Management, Monitoring and GIS, Forest Department, Central Region, KKL, Eshtaol, M.P. Shimshon 99775, Israel
Nisan, Y., Forest Management, Monitoring and GIS, Forest Department, Central Region, KKL, Eshtaol, M.P. Shimshon 99775, Israel
The potential of transforming simple structured pine plantations into mixed Mediterranean forests through natural regeneration along a rainfall gradient
The aim was to study the potential for using natural regeneration as a basis for transformation of simply structured conifer plantations into mixed Mediterranean forests. We studied the variation along a rainfall gradient, in the natural regeneration of tree species in the understory of planted 40- to 50-year-old Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis) forests. The study was conducted within the Mediterranean zone of Israel, which extends from the semiarid northern Negev desert (rainfall ca. 300 mm yr-1) in the south to the humid Upper Galilee in the north (ca 900 mm yr-1). Cover and height, density, and species composition of regenerating trees were measured on south- and north-facing slopes in forest sites of comparable silvicultural history (site preparation methodology, planting density and thinning regime) distributed along the rainfall gradient. Altogether, 12 species of regenerating native broadleaved trees were found in the understory of the various forest sites. Surface cover, density and species richness increased linearly along the entire rainfall gradient, on both north- and south-facing slopes, ranging from zero in the driest forest sites up to 85% cover, 7980 trees ha-1 and 4.5 species per 200 m2, respectively, in the most humid ones. Species composition of regenerating trees was also related to rainfall amount, through changes in the relative importance of species along the rainfall gradient. The effect of topographic aspect on tree regeneration was inconsistent, i.e., the interaction Rainfall × Aspect was significant. Nevertheless, the general trend showed better regeneration on north-facing slopes. Most of the regenerating trees in the understory were small, i.e., less than 100 cm in height, with no clear effect of rainfall amount and topographic aspect on the relative abundance of height classes. Regeneration by Aleppo pine was highly variable among and within the different forest sites and ranged from 0 to 1565 trees ha-1, with no clear relationships with rainfall amount and topographic aspect. In light of our results we propose that the future structure of forests should vary with respect to annual rainfall amount within possible silvicultural scenarios. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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