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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Litter as a regulator of N and C dynamics in macrophytic patches in Negev desert soils
Year:
1996
Source of publication :
Soil Biology and Biochemistry
Authors :
צעדי, אלי
;
.
Volume :
28
Co-Authors:
Zaady, E., Mitrani Center for Desert Ecology, Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, 84993, Israel
Groffman, P.M., Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Box AB, Millbrook, NY 12545, United States
Shachak, M., Mitrani Center for Desert Ecology, Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, 84993, Israel, Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Box AB, Millbrook, NY 12545, United States
Facilitators :
From page:
39
To page:
46
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
In desert ecosystems, nutrient cycling activity is concentrated in brief periods of intense biological activity following wetting events. Release and uptake of N from litter and microbial biomass may be important regulators of N availability to plants and N loss to denitrification and NH3 volatilization. Litter and microbial biomass dynamics may also be important to the maintenance of shrub-dominated patches of high fertility in desert ecosystems. We have measured soil C and N cycling processes (respiration, NH4 + and NO3 - dynamics, denitrification and microbial biomass C and N dynamics) in rewetted Negev desert soil treated with different size classes of desert plant litter in 30-day laboratory incubations. The results suggest that litter plays a strong role in conserving N following wetting events in Negev soils. Amounts of soil NH4 + and NO3 - and microbial biomass N were reduced in litter-amended treatments, suggesting that significant quantities of N were sequestered in litter, especially the largest size classes of litter. Denitrification was a significant sink for N, and was stimulated by the presence of litter, but was less important than immobilization of N in litter. Immobilization and release of N by litter may be especially important in the N cycle in desert ecosystems, moderating seasonal patterns of N availability and regulating patch interactions that facilitate the development of "islands of fertility" in these ecosystems. Copyright © 1996 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
Carbon
desert ecosystem
Israel, Negev Desert
litter
Negev
nitrogen
nutrient cycling
soil
soil
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
27560
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:32
Scientific Publication
Litter as a regulator of N and C dynamics in macrophytic patches in Negev desert soils
28
Zaady, E., Mitrani Center for Desert Ecology, Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, 84993, Israel
Groffman, P.M., Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Box AB, Millbrook, NY 12545, United States
Shachak, M., Mitrani Center for Desert Ecology, Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, 84993, Israel, Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Box AB, Millbrook, NY 12545, United States
Litter as a regulator of N and C dynamics in macrophytic patches in Negev desert soils
In desert ecosystems, nutrient cycling activity is concentrated in brief periods of intense biological activity following wetting events. Release and uptake of N from litter and microbial biomass may be important regulators of N availability to plants and N loss to denitrification and NH3 volatilization. Litter and microbial biomass dynamics may also be important to the maintenance of shrub-dominated patches of high fertility in desert ecosystems. We have measured soil C and N cycling processes (respiration, NH4 + and NO3 - dynamics, denitrification and microbial biomass C and N dynamics) in rewetted Negev desert soil treated with different size classes of desert plant litter in 30-day laboratory incubations. The results suggest that litter plays a strong role in conserving N following wetting events in Negev soils. Amounts of soil NH4 + and NO3 - and microbial biomass N were reduced in litter-amended treatments, suggesting that significant quantities of N were sequestered in litter, especially the largest size classes of litter. Denitrification was a significant sink for N, and was stimulated by the presence of litter, but was less important than immobilization of N in litter. Immobilization and release of N by litter may be especially important in the N cycle in desert ecosystems, moderating seasonal patterns of N availability and regulating patch interactions that facilitate the development of "islands of fertility" in these ecosystems. Copyright © 1996 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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