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Effects of tail clipping on larval performance and tail regeneration rates in the near eastern fire salamander, Salamandra infraimmaculata
Year:
2015
Source of publication :
PLoS ONE
Authors :
בלנק, ליאור
;
.
Volume :
10
Co-Authors:
Segev, O., Institute of Evolution, Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Polevikove, A., Institute of Evolution, Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Blank, L., Institute of Evolution, Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel, Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Goedbloed, D., Technical University of Braunschweig, Zoological Institute, Braunschweig, Germany
Küpfer, E., Technical University of Braunschweig, Zoological Institute, Braunschweig, Germany
Gershberg, A., Institute of Evolution, Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Koplovich, A., Institute of Evolution, Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Blaustein, L., Institute of Evolution, Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
To page:
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:
Tail-tip clipping is a common technique for collecting tissue samples from amphibian larvae and adults. Surprisingly, studies of this invasive sampling procedure or of natural tail clipping - i.e., bites inflicted by predators including conspecifics - on the performance and fitness of aquatic larval stages of urodeles are scarce. We conducted two studies in which we assessed the effects of posterior tail clipping (∼30 percent of tail) on Near Eastern fire salamander (Salamandra infraimmaculata) larvae. In a laboratory study, we checked regeneration rates of posterior tail-tip clipping at different ages. Regeneration rates were hump-shaped, peaking at the age of ∼30 days and then decreasing. This variation in tail regeneration rates suggests tradeoffs in resource allocation between regeneration and somatic growth during early and advanced development. In an outdoor artificial pond experiment, under constant larval densities, we assessed how tail clipping of newborn larvae affects survival to, time to, and size at metamorphosis. Repeated measures ANOVA on mean larval survival per pond revealed no effect of tail clipping. Tail clipping had correspondingly no effect on larval growth and development expressed in size (mass and snout-vent length) at, and time to, metamorphosis. We conclude that despite the given variation in tail regeneration rates throughout larval ontogeny, clipping of 30% percent of the posterior tail area seems to have no adverse effects on larval fitness and survival. We suggest that future use of this imperative tool for the study of amphibian should take into account larval developmental stage during the time of application and not just the relative size of the clipped tail sample. © 2015 Segev et al.
Note:
Related Files :
animal experiment
animal tissue
Female
larval stage
limb regeneration
metamorphosis
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1371/journal.pone.0128077
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
27798
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:34
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Scientific Publication
Effects of tail clipping on larval performance and tail regeneration rates in the near eastern fire salamander, Salamandra infraimmaculata
10
Segev, O., Institute of Evolution, Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Polevikove, A., Institute of Evolution, Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Blank, L., Institute of Evolution, Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel, Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Goedbloed, D., Technical University of Braunschweig, Zoological Institute, Braunschweig, Germany
Küpfer, E., Technical University of Braunschweig, Zoological Institute, Braunschweig, Germany
Gershberg, A., Institute of Evolution, Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Koplovich, A., Institute of Evolution, Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Blaustein, L., Institute of Evolution, Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Effects of tail clipping on larval performance and tail regeneration rates in the near eastern fire salamander, Salamandra infraimmaculata
Tail-tip clipping is a common technique for collecting tissue samples from amphibian larvae and adults. Surprisingly, studies of this invasive sampling procedure or of natural tail clipping - i.e., bites inflicted by predators including conspecifics - on the performance and fitness of aquatic larval stages of urodeles are scarce. We conducted two studies in which we assessed the effects of posterior tail clipping (∼30 percent of tail) on Near Eastern fire salamander (Salamandra infraimmaculata) larvae. In a laboratory study, we checked regeneration rates of posterior tail-tip clipping at different ages. Regeneration rates were hump-shaped, peaking at the age of ∼30 days and then decreasing. This variation in tail regeneration rates suggests tradeoffs in resource allocation between regeneration and somatic growth during early and advanced development. In an outdoor artificial pond experiment, under constant larval densities, we assessed how tail clipping of newborn larvae affects survival to, time to, and size at metamorphosis. Repeated measures ANOVA on mean larval survival per pond revealed no effect of tail clipping. Tail clipping had correspondingly no effect on larval growth and development expressed in size (mass and snout-vent length) at, and time to, metamorphosis. We conclude that despite the given variation in tail regeneration rates throughout larval ontogeny, clipping of 30% percent of the posterior tail area seems to have no adverse effects on larval fitness and survival. We suggest that future use of this imperative tool for the study of amphibian should take into account larval developmental stage during the time of application and not just the relative size of the clipped tail sample. © 2015 Segev et al.
Scientific Publication
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