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קהילה:
אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Rachis browning in four table grape cultivars as affected by growth regulators or packaging
Year:
2013
Source of publication :
Postharvest Biology and Technology
Authors :
אוסטרובסקי, ויאצ'סלב
;
.
אלחנתי, ויקטור
;
.
דעוס, אבינועם
;
.
זוטחי, יוחנן
;
.
לוריא, סוזן
;
.
ליכטר, אמנון
;
.
קפלונוב, טטיאנה
;
.
Volume :
84
Co-Authors:
Raban, E., Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Bet Dagan, Israel, Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Kaplunov, T., Department of Postharvest Science, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Zutahy, Y., Department of Postharvest Science, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Daus, A., Department of Postharvest Science, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Alchanatis, V., Department of Sensing, Information and Mechanization Engineering, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Ostrovsky, V., Department of Sensing, Information and Mechanization Engineering, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Lurie, S., Department of Postharvest Science, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Lichter, A., Department of Postharvest Science, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
88
To page:
95
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
Plant growth regulators (PGRs) are used to increase berry size in table grapes. The objective in this study was to determine if the levels of PGRs used commercially affected rachis postharvest quality. Three seedless table grape cultivars, 'Mystery', 'Superior', and 'Crimson' were treated with gibberellin (GA), cytokinin (CPPU), or both at berry diameter of 6-8. mm, while a seeded cultivar, 'Redglobe' was treated at 13. mm. The fruits were harvested at commercial maturity and held for 7 days shelf-life either immediately after harvest or after 2 weeks storage at 0. °C. The combination of GA and CPPU increased berry weight and diameter, and rachis diameter in all three seedless cultivars, but had minor or no effect on TSS and acidity. Rachis quality was measured by a browning scale derived from image analysis. Browning was lower after storage for rachis of 'Mystery' treated with GA, while the other three cultivars showed no difference between PGR treated and control rachis. Reduction of water loss by covering punnets of control clusters with microperforated film had a significant positive effect on decreasing weight loss in all cases and a positive effect on slowing rachis browning. Calculation of the shelf-life required to reach 50% rachis browning found that shelf-life was longer for the microperforated packaging as compared to open packages in all the cultivars, with stronger influence during shelf-life after storage than shelf-life after harvest. However, the data also indicated that rachis browning cannot only be attributed to weight loss, either from the whole cluster or from the rachis. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Note:
Related Files :
cytokinin
gibberellin
growth regulators
Microperforation
PGRs
Rachis
Table grapes
Vitis vinifera L.
Weight loss
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.postharvbio.2013.03.021
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
27978
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:35
Scientific Publication
Rachis browning in four table grape cultivars as affected by growth regulators or packaging
84
Raban, E., Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Bet Dagan, Israel, Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Kaplunov, T., Department of Postharvest Science, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Zutahy, Y., Department of Postharvest Science, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Daus, A., Department of Postharvest Science, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Alchanatis, V., Department of Sensing, Information and Mechanization Engineering, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Ostrovsky, V., Department of Sensing, Information and Mechanization Engineering, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Lurie, S., Department of Postharvest Science, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Lichter, A., Department of Postharvest Science, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Rachis browning in four table grape cultivars as affected by growth regulators or packaging
Plant growth regulators (PGRs) are used to increase berry size in table grapes. The objective in this study was to determine if the levels of PGRs used commercially affected rachis postharvest quality. Three seedless table grape cultivars, 'Mystery', 'Superior', and 'Crimson' were treated with gibberellin (GA), cytokinin (CPPU), or both at berry diameter of 6-8. mm, while a seeded cultivar, 'Redglobe' was treated at 13. mm. The fruits were harvested at commercial maturity and held for 7 days shelf-life either immediately after harvest or after 2 weeks storage at 0. °C. The combination of GA and CPPU increased berry weight and diameter, and rachis diameter in all three seedless cultivars, but had minor or no effect on TSS and acidity. Rachis quality was measured by a browning scale derived from image analysis. Browning was lower after storage for rachis of 'Mystery' treated with GA, while the other three cultivars showed no difference between PGR treated and control rachis. Reduction of water loss by covering punnets of control clusters with microperforated film had a significant positive effect on decreasing weight loss in all cases and a positive effect on slowing rachis browning. Calculation of the shelf-life required to reach 50% rachis browning found that shelf-life was longer for the microperforated packaging as compared to open packages in all the cultivars, with stronger influence during shelf-life after storage than shelf-life after harvest. However, the data also indicated that rachis browning cannot only be attributed to weight loss, either from the whole cluster or from the rachis. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Scientific Publication
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