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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Timing and severity of postharvest water stress affect following-year productivity and fruit quality of field-grown 'Snow Queen' nectarine
Year:
2005
Authors :
פליישמן, משה
;
.
Volume :
130
Co-Authors:
Naor, A., Golan Research Institute, P.O. Box 97, Kazrin 12900, Israel
Stern, R., MIGAL - Galilee Technology Center, P.O. Box 90000, Kiryat Shemona 12100, Israel
Peres, M., Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Kiryat Shemona 10200, Israel
Greenblat, Y., Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Kiryat Shemona 10200, Israel
Gal, Y., Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Kiryat Shemona 10200, Israel
Flaishman, M.A., Institute of Horticulture, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
806
To page:
812
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
The effects of the timing and severity of postharvest water stress on the productivity and fruit quality of field-grown nectarine [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch cv. Snow Queen] were studied for two consecutive years. Three levels of postharvest water status (midday stem water potentials of -1.2, -2.0, and -2.8 MPa) were examined. They were designated as High, Med, and Low, respectively. In the second year two additional treatments were examined in which Low and Med water status were interchanged on 1 Sept. 2002, and these treatments were designated as Low/Med and Med/Low. The percentages of double fruits and of those having a deep suture increased with decreasing postharvest midday stem water potential during the previous year, and most of these defects were stimulated by water deficits that occurred prior to 1 Sept. Postharvest water stress led to decreased crop yield in the subsequent year because there were fewer fruits per tree. Flower buds with double pistils were first noticed in mid-September, and by mid-November the ranking of double pistils in the various treatments were similar to the ranking of double fruits measured a month after bloom in the subsequent season. Postharvest water stress delayed flower bud development. The percentage of double fruits increased from 10% in 2002 to 40% in 2003 and the higher percentage in 2003 was associated with higher air temperatures during the reproductive bud development stage in 2002 than in 2001. Our data and others suggest that high temperatures create a potential for the occurrence of double fruits, but that the fulfillment of that potential is highly dependent on postharvest tree water status. The occurrence of double and deep suture fruits were highly correlated with midday stem water potential in August of the previous year, i.e., during the initial stages of flower bud development. The occurrence of double fruits was observed to increase sharply as the midday stem water potentials fell below -2.0 MPa, which suggests that a midday stem water potential of -2.0 MPa could serve as a threshold for postharvest irrigation scheduling.
Note:
Related Files :
Prunus
Prunus persica
Prunus persica nucipersica
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
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DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
28146
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:37
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Scientific Publication
Timing and severity of postharvest water stress affect following-year productivity and fruit quality of field-grown 'Snow Queen' nectarine
130
Naor, A., Golan Research Institute, P.O. Box 97, Kazrin 12900, Israel
Stern, R., MIGAL - Galilee Technology Center, P.O. Box 90000, Kiryat Shemona 12100, Israel
Peres, M., Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Kiryat Shemona 10200, Israel
Greenblat, Y., Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Kiryat Shemona 10200, Israel
Gal, Y., Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Kiryat Shemona 10200, Israel
Flaishman, M.A., Institute of Horticulture, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Timing and severity of postharvest water stress affect following-year productivity and fruit quality of field-grown 'Snow Queen' nectarine
The effects of the timing and severity of postharvest water stress on the productivity and fruit quality of field-grown nectarine [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch cv. Snow Queen] were studied for two consecutive years. Three levels of postharvest water status (midday stem water potentials of -1.2, -2.0, and -2.8 MPa) were examined. They were designated as High, Med, and Low, respectively. In the second year two additional treatments were examined in which Low and Med water status were interchanged on 1 Sept. 2002, and these treatments were designated as Low/Med and Med/Low. The percentages of double fruits and of those having a deep suture increased with decreasing postharvest midday stem water potential during the previous year, and most of these defects were stimulated by water deficits that occurred prior to 1 Sept. Postharvest water stress led to decreased crop yield in the subsequent year because there were fewer fruits per tree. Flower buds with double pistils were first noticed in mid-September, and by mid-November the ranking of double pistils in the various treatments were similar to the ranking of double fruits measured a month after bloom in the subsequent season. Postharvest water stress delayed flower bud development. The percentage of double fruits increased from 10% in 2002 to 40% in 2003 and the higher percentage in 2003 was associated with higher air temperatures during the reproductive bud development stage in 2002 than in 2001. Our data and others suggest that high temperatures create a potential for the occurrence of double fruits, but that the fulfillment of that potential is highly dependent on postharvest tree water status. The occurrence of double and deep suture fruits were highly correlated with midday stem water potential in August of the previous year, i.e., during the initial stages of flower bud development. The occurrence of double fruits was observed to increase sharply as the midday stem water potentials fell below -2.0 MPa, which suggests that a midday stem water potential of -2.0 MPa could serve as a threshold for postharvest irrigation scheduling.
Scientific Publication
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