חיפוש מתקדם
Vardi, A., Institute of Plant Sciences, A.R.O., Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
Levin, I., Institute of Plant Sciences, A.R.O., Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
Carmi, N., Institute of Plant Sciences, A.R.O., Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
Seedlessness can be obtained through parthenocarpy (i.e., fruit formation without fertilization or embryo abortion). In practice, the actual reduction in seed number in parthenocarpic plants is often exaggerated by coupling parthenocarpy with self-incompatibility or male sterility. Traits related to seedlessness, such as parthenocarpy, can be introduced into genetic accessions through conventional cross-breeding. However, conventional breeding in Citrus L. species faces several limitations. First, these species have long juvenile (nonflowering) periods during which a relatively thick canopy develops, which limits the size of seedling populations that can be maintained for further evaluation. Second, they have a narrow genetic base, which limits the availability of alternative alleles that could be introgressed into other lines for the formation of a particular phenotype such as parthenocarpy. Third, breeding efforts are limited by the lack of knowledge of the mode of inheritance of specific characteristics. Fourth, and last, breeding efforts are limited by the polygenic nature of many important traits. Despite these limitations, conventional breeding in fruit trees has yielded improved cultivars and will most likely continue to be a very important strategy. However, emerging biotechnological approaches should be continuously evaluated for their potential for expediting such breeding efforts. The objective of this review is to present, evaluate, and discuss conventional and emerging biotechnological approaches for the induction and maintenance of seedlessness in a variety of crops. Particular attention will be paid to citrus crops, including the presentation and discussion of some preliminary data on the genetic inheritance of parthenocarpy.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Induction of seedlessness in citrus: From classical techniques to emerging biotechnological approaches
133
Vardi, A., Institute of Plant Sciences, A.R.O., Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
Levin, I., Institute of Plant Sciences, A.R.O., Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
Carmi, N., Institute of Plant Sciences, A.R.O., Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
Induction of seedlessness in citrus: From classical techniques to emerging biotechnological approaches
Seedlessness can be obtained through parthenocarpy (i.e., fruit formation without fertilization or embryo abortion). In practice, the actual reduction in seed number in parthenocarpic plants is often exaggerated by coupling parthenocarpy with self-incompatibility or male sterility. Traits related to seedlessness, such as parthenocarpy, can be introduced into genetic accessions through conventional cross-breeding. However, conventional breeding in Citrus L. species faces several limitations. First, these species have long juvenile (nonflowering) periods during which a relatively thick canopy develops, which limits the size of seedling populations that can be maintained for further evaluation. Second, they have a narrow genetic base, which limits the availability of alternative alleles that could be introgressed into other lines for the formation of a particular phenotype such as parthenocarpy. Third, breeding efforts are limited by the lack of knowledge of the mode of inheritance of specific characteristics. Fourth, and last, breeding efforts are limited by the polygenic nature of many important traits. Despite these limitations, conventional breeding in fruit trees has yielded improved cultivars and will most likely continue to be a very important strategy. However, emerging biotechnological approaches should be continuously evaluated for their potential for expediting such breeding efforts. The objective of this review is to present, evaluate, and discuss conventional and emerging biotechnological approaches for the induction and maintenance of seedlessness in a variety of crops. Particular attention will be paid to citrus crops, including the presentation and discussion of some preliminary data on the genetic inheritance of parthenocarpy.
Scientific Publication
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