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PLoS ONE
Kelly, G., Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Sade, N., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Attia, Z., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Secchi, F., Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, United States
Zwieniecki, M., Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, United States
Holbrook, N.M., Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, United States
Levi, A., Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Alchanatis, V., Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Moshelion, M., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Granot, D., Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Increased expression of the aquaporin NtAQP1, which is known to function as a plasmalemma channel for CO2 and water, increases the rate of both photosynthesis and transpiration. In contrast, increased expression of Arabidopsis hexokinase1 (AtHXK1), a dual-function enzyme that mediates sugar sensing, decreases the expression of photosynthetic genes and the rate of transpiration and inhibits growth. Here, we show that AtHXK1 also decreases root and stem hydraulic conductivity and leaf mesophyll CO2 conductance (gm). Due to their opposite effects on plant development and physiology, we examined the relationship between NtAQP1 and AtHXK1 at the whole-plant level using transgenic tomato plants expressing both genes simultaneously. NtAQP1 significantly improved growth and increased the transpiration rates of AtHXK1-expressing plants. Reciprocal grafting experiments indicated that this complementation occurs when both genes are expressed simultaneously in the shoot. Yet, NtAQP1 had only a marginal effect on the hydraulic conductivity of the double-transgenic plants, suggesting that the complementary effect of NtAQP1 is unrelated to shoot water transport. Rather, NtAQP1 significantly increased leaf mesophyll CO2 conductance and enhanced the rate of photosynthesis, suggesting that NtAQP1 facilitated the growth of the double-transgenic plants by enhancing mesophyll conductance of CO2. © 2014 Kelly et al.
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Relationship between hexokinase and the aquaporin PIP1 in the regulation of photosynthesis and plant growth
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Kelly, G., Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Sade, N., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Attia, Z., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Secchi, F., Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, United States
Zwieniecki, M., Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, United States
Holbrook, N.M., Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, United States
Levi, A., Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Alchanatis, V., Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Moshelion, M., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Granot, D., Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Relationship between hexokinase and the aquaporin PIP1 in the regulation of photosynthesis and plant growth
Increased expression of the aquaporin NtAQP1, which is known to function as a plasmalemma channel for CO2 and water, increases the rate of both photosynthesis and transpiration. In contrast, increased expression of Arabidopsis hexokinase1 (AtHXK1), a dual-function enzyme that mediates sugar sensing, decreases the expression of photosynthetic genes and the rate of transpiration and inhibits growth. Here, we show that AtHXK1 also decreases root and stem hydraulic conductivity and leaf mesophyll CO2 conductance (gm). Due to their opposite effects on plant development and physiology, we examined the relationship between NtAQP1 and AtHXK1 at the whole-plant level using transgenic tomato plants expressing both genes simultaneously. NtAQP1 significantly improved growth and increased the transpiration rates of AtHXK1-expressing plants. Reciprocal grafting experiments indicated that this complementation occurs when both genes are expressed simultaneously in the shoot. Yet, NtAQP1 had only a marginal effect on the hydraulic conductivity of the double-transgenic plants, suggesting that the complementary effect of NtAQP1 is unrelated to shoot water transport. Rather, NtAQP1 significantly increased leaf mesophyll CO2 conductance and enhanced the rate of photosynthesis, suggesting that NtAQP1 facilitated the growth of the double-transgenic plants by enhancing mesophyll conductance of CO2. © 2014 Kelly et al.
Scientific Publication
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