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קהילה:
אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Cultural methods and environmental conditions affecting gray mold and its management in lisianthus
Year:
2009
Source of publication :
Phytopathology
Authors :
אלעד, יגאל
;
.
ירמיהו, אורי
;
.
רב דוד, דליה
;
.
שפיאלטר, לנה
;
.
Volume :
99
Co-Authors:
Shpialter, L., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
David, D.R., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Dori, I., R and D South, M. P. 4, 85400, Israel
Yermiahu, U., ARO, Gilat Research Center, M. P. Negev 2, 85280, Israel
Pivonia, S., Central and North Arava RandD, Sapir, M. P. Arava 86825, Israel
Levite, R., Central and North Arava RandD, Sapir, M. P. Arava 86825, Israel
Elad, Y., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
557
To page:
570
(
Total pages:
14
)
Abstract:
Gray mold, caused by Botrytis cinerea, severely affects the base of the stems of lisianthus (Eustoma grandiflorum) plants as well as the cut stems left after flowers are harvested. This study examined infection of lisianthus plants by B. cinerea under laboratory and commercial greenhouse production conditions typical for Israel and evaluated cultural methods for manipulating disease development in commercial greenhouses. Although the lower nodes of lisianthus stems are typically infected, in this study, the inherent susceptibility of these nodes was less than that of nodes midway up the stem. Greater light intensity (4,860 lux) was associated with significantly more severe stem wounds than lower light intensities of 140 to 1,020 lux. Lower light intensity (140 lux) was associated with significantly more severe leaf infection. The development of gray mold along leaves toward the stem was slower at 26°C than at 18 to 20°C and was fastest at relative humidity (RH) levels close to saturation (>99%). B. cinerea infection developed in all stem wounds exposed to 65 to 99% RH and at temperatures of 12 to 29°C. Infection severity in stem wounds (measured as lesion length) on whole plants was significantly less at 26°C than at 18 or 22°C, and was significantly higher at 99% RH compared with 70 to 85 and 85 to 95% RH. Severity of gray mold was the greatest at 15 to 22°C and 85 to 99% RH. Under commercial greenhouse conditions, supplemental calcium (Ca(NO3)2) applied in fertigation or as a spray led to moderate yet significant reduction in disease severity. In addition, polyethylene soil cover and the use of buried drip irrigation instead of surface drip irrigation suppressed gray mold significantly on cut stems following harvest. Covering the soil with polyethylene also suppressed gray mold significantly as compared with the common practice of growing lisianthus in bare soil. © 2009 The American Phytopathological Society.
Note:
Related Files :
Eustoma grandiflorum
humidity
light
mulch
soil
temperature
water
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1094/PHYTO-99-5-0557
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
28342
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:38
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Cultural methods and environmental conditions affecting gray mold and its management in lisianthus
99
Shpialter, L., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
David, D.R., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Dori, I., R and D South, M. P. 4, 85400, Israel
Yermiahu, U., ARO, Gilat Research Center, M. P. Negev 2, 85280, Israel
Pivonia, S., Central and North Arava RandD, Sapir, M. P. Arava 86825, Israel
Levite, R., Central and North Arava RandD, Sapir, M. P. Arava 86825, Israel
Elad, Y., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Cultural methods and environmental conditions affecting gray mold and its management in lisianthus
Gray mold, caused by Botrytis cinerea, severely affects the base of the stems of lisianthus (Eustoma grandiflorum) plants as well as the cut stems left after flowers are harvested. This study examined infection of lisianthus plants by B. cinerea under laboratory and commercial greenhouse production conditions typical for Israel and evaluated cultural methods for manipulating disease development in commercial greenhouses. Although the lower nodes of lisianthus stems are typically infected, in this study, the inherent susceptibility of these nodes was less than that of nodes midway up the stem. Greater light intensity (4,860 lux) was associated with significantly more severe stem wounds than lower light intensities of 140 to 1,020 lux. Lower light intensity (140 lux) was associated with significantly more severe leaf infection. The development of gray mold along leaves toward the stem was slower at 26°C than at 18 to 20°C and was fastest at relative humidity (RH) levels close to saturation (>99%). B. cinerea infection developed in all stem wounds exposed to 65 to 99% RH and at temperatures of 12 to 29°C. Infection severity in stem wounds (measured as lesion length) on whole plants was significantly less at 26°C than at 18 or 22°C, and was significantly higher at 99% RH compared with 70 to 85 and 85 to 95% RH. Severity of gray mold was the greatest at 15 to 22°C and 85 to 99% RH. Under commercial greenhouse conditions, supplemental calcium (Ca(NO3)2) applied in fertigation or as a spray led to moderate yet significant reduction in disease severity. In addition, polyethylene soil cover and the use of buried drip irrigation instead of surface drip irrigation suppressed gray mold significantly on cut stems following harvest. Covering the soil with polyethylene also suppressed gray mold significantly as compared with the common practice of growing lisianthus in bare soil. © 2009 The American Phytopathological Society.
Scientific Publication
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