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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Control of root-knot nematodes in organic farming systems by organic amendments and soil solarization
Year:
2007
Source of publication :
Crop Protection
Authors :
אוקה, יוג'י
;
.
פיין, פנחס
;
.
Volume :
26
Co-Authors:
Oka, Y., Nematology Unit, Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, M.P. Negev, 85280, Israel
Shapira, N., Arava Research and Development, Yair Experiment Station, M.P. Arava 86825, Israel
Fine, P., Department of Soil Chemistry and Plant Nutrition, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
1556
To page:
1565
(
Total pages:
10
)
Abstract:
The efficacy of organic amendments, with or without soil solarization, for the control of the root-knot nematodes Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica in organic farming systems was tested in pot, container and greenhouse experiments. Broiler litter, cottonseed meal, feather meal or soybean oilcake, which had been effective in reduction of galling caused by M. javanica on tomato plants in pot experiments, were applied to a field at 0.75-2.0 kg m-2. In three experiments, soil solarization alone reduced nematode populations in the soil and galling indices on tomato and pepper plants, whereas the amendments alone were not effective. Combinations of the amendments with soil solarization were more effective than the amendments or soil solarization alone in reducing nematode populations and galling indices in most cases. High soil temperatures and accumulation of ammonium/ammonia in these treatments seemed to be involved in controlling root-knot nematodes. Nematode control efficacy on the edges of solarized beds, with or without amendments, was lower than that in the middle of beds. Soil solarization in combination with organic amendments could be used for root-knot nematode control in organic farms. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
biological control
Chicken litter
Glycine max
Meloidogyne
pest control
soil solarization
soil temperature
Solarization
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.cropro.2007.01.003
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
28389
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:38
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Scientific Publication
Control of root-knot nematodes in organic farming systems by organic amendments and soil solarization
26
Oka, Y., Nematology Unit, Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, M.P. Negev, 85280, Israel
Shapira, N., Arava Research and Development, Yair Experiment Station, M.P. Arava 86825, Israel
Fine, P., Department of Soil Chemistry and Plant Nutrition, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Control of root-knot nematodes in organic farming systems by organic amendments and soil solarization
The efficacy of organic amendments, with or without soil solarization, for the control of the root-knot nematodes Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica in organic farming systems was tested in pot, container and greenhouse experiments. Broiler litter, cottonseed meal, feather meal or soybean oilcake, which had been effective in reduction of galling caused by M. javanica on tomato plants in pot experiments, were applied to a field at 0.75-2.0 kg m-2. In three experiments, soil solarization alone reduced nematode populations in the soil and galling indices on tomato and pepper plants, whereas the amendments alone were not effective. Combinations of the amendments with soil solarization were more effective than the amendments or soil solarization alone in reducing nematode populations and galling indices in most cases. High soil temperatures and accumulation of ammonium/ammonia in these treatments seemed to be involved in controlling root-knot nematodes. Nematode control efficacy on the edges of solarized beds, with or without amendments, was lower than that in the middle of beds. Soil solarization in combination with organic amendments could be used for root-knot nematode control in organic farms. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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