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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Chilling injury in stored nectarines and its detection by time-resolved reflectance spectroscopy
Year:
2011
Source of publication :
Postharvest Biology and Technology
Authors :
דגר, אנורג
;
.
וקסלר, אסיה
;
.
לוריא, סוזן
;
.
Volume :
59
Co-Authors:
Lurie, S., Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, Israel
Vanoli, M., Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, Israel, CNR-IFN, Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Fisica, Milan, Italy
Dagar, A., Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, Israel, The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Weksler, A., Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, Israel
Lovati, F., CRA-IAA, Consiglio per la Ricerca e la Sperimentazione in Agricoltura, Unità di Ricerca per i Processi dell'Industria Agroalimentare, Milan, Italy
Eccher Zerbini, P., Horticultural Supply Chains, Wageningen University, Israel
Spinelli, L., Istituto di Fotonica Nanotecnologie, CNR, Milan, Italy
Torricelli, A., CNR-IFN, Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Fisica, Milan, Italy
Feng, J., Plant and Food Institute, Auckland, New Zealand
Rizzolo, A., CRA-IAA, Consiglio per la Ricerca e la Sperimentazione in Agricoltura, Unità di Ricerca per i Processi dell'Industria Agroalimentare, Milan, Italy
Facilitators :
From page:
211
To page:
218
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
Nectarine fruit after cold storage soften normally, but become dry instead of juicy and can develop flesh browning, bleeding and a gel-like or glassy formation of the flesh near the pit. An experiment was conducted to see if time-resolved reflectance spectroscopy could distinguish these internal disorders non-destructively. The optical parameters of absorption coefficient (μa) and reduced scattering coefficient (μ′s) were measured at 670nm and 780nm, on nectarine (Prunus persica cv. Morsiani 90) fruit held at 20°C after harvest or after 30 d of storage at 0°C or 4°C. Each day for 5 d 30 fruit were examined both non-destructively and destructively. Other measurements were firmness with a penetrometer, peel colour on the blush and non-blush side, expressible juice, weight loss, and visual rating of internal browning, bleeding, and gel. The fruit had been sorted at harvest according to the value of μa670 so that each batch had a similar spread of fruit maturity. More mature fruit (lower μa670 values) developed internal browning and bleeding with more severe symptoms compared to less mature ones (higher μa670 values). It was found that μa780 could distinguish healthy fruits from the chilling injured ones. Canonical discriminant analysis indicated that fruit without cold storage had low μa780, less water loss, low firmness, but high μa670 and high expressible juice compared with cool stored fruit. Fruit cool stored at 4°C had high μa780 and less expressible juice, lower water loss and lower firmness compared with fruit cool stored at 0°C. It was concluded that time resolved reflectance spectroscopy could detect internal woolliness and internal browning in nectarines after storage. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Note:
Related Files :
bleeding
chilling injury
Internal browning
Prunus
Prunus persica
Prunus persica nucipersica
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.postharvbio.2010.10.005
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
28630
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:40
Scientific Publication
Chilling injury in stored nectarines and its detection by time-resolved reflectance spectroscopy
59
Lurie, S., Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, Israel
Vanoli, M., Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, Israel, CNR-IFN, Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Fisica, Milan, Italy
Dagar, A., Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, Israel, The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Weksler, A., Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, Israel
Lovati, F., CRA-IAA, Consiglio per la Ricerca e la Sperimentazione in Agricoltura, Unità di Ricerca per i Processi dell'Industria Agroalimentare, Milan, Italy
Eccher Zerbini, P., Horticultural Supply Chains, Wageningen University, Israel
Spinelli, L., Istituto di Fotonica Nanotecnologie, CNR, Milan, Italy
Torricelli, A., CNR-IFN, Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Fisica, Milan, Italy
Feng, J., Plant and Food Institute, Auckland, New Zealand
Rizzolo, A., CRA-IAA, Consiglio per la Ricerca e la Sperimentazione in Agricoltura, Unità di Ricerca per i Processi dell'Industria Agroalimentare, Milan, Italy
Chilling injury in stored nectarines and its detection by time-resolved reflectance spectroscopy
Nectarine fruit after cold storage soften normally, but become dry instead of juicy and can develop flesh browning, bleeding and a gel-like or glassy formation of the flesh near the pit. An experiment was conducted to see if time-resolved reflectance spectroscopy could distinguish these internal disorders non-destructively. The optical parameters of absorption coefficient (μa) and reduced scattering coefficient (μ′s) were measured at 670nm and 780nm, on nectarine (Prunus persica cv. Morsiani 90) fruit held at 20°C after harvest or after 30 d of storage at 0°C or 4°C. Each day for 5 d 30 fruit were examined both non-destructively and destructively. Other measurements were firmness with a penetrometer, peel colour on the blush and non-blush side, expressible juice, weight loss, and visual rating of internal browning, bleeding, and gel. The fruit had been sorted at harvest according to the value of μa670 so that each batch had a similar spread of fruit maturity. More mature fruit (lower μa670 values) developed internal browning and bleeding with more severe symptoms compared to less mature ones (higher μa670 values). It was found that μa780 could distinguish healthy fruits from the chilling injured ones. Canonical discriminant analysis indicated that fruit without cold storage had low μa780, less water loss, low firmness, but high μa670 and high expressible juice compared with cool stored fruit. Fruit cool stored at 4°C had high μa780 and less expressible juice, lower water loss and lower firmness compared with fruit cool stored at 0°C. It was concluded that time resolved reflectance spectroscopy could detect internal woolliness and internal browning in nectarines after storage. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Scientific Publication
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