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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
A method for evaluating fruit abscission potential of grapes and cherry tomato clusters
Year:
2013
Source of publication :
Postharvest Biology and Technology
Authors :
וינוקור, יעקב
;
.
זוטחי, יוחנן
;
.
לוי, עזרי
;
.
ליכטר, אמנון
;
.
קפלונוב, טטיאנה
;
.
רודוב, ויקטור
;
.
Volume :
79
Co-Authors:
Vinokur, Y., Department of Postharvest Science, Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Rodov, V., Department of Postharvest Science, Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Levi, A., Department of Postharvest Science, Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Kaplunov, T., Department of Postharvest Science, Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Zutahy, Y., Department of Postharvest Science, Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Lichter, A., Department of Postharvest Science, Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
20
To page:
23
(
Total pages:
4
)
Abstract:
Abscission is an important postharvest factor for table grapes and cluster cherry tomatoes. There are methods to measure the individual fruit removal force but until now there has been no objective method to study the abscission at a whole cluster level. The working principle of the instrument is that a cluster is attached to a rod which is allowed to fall freely for a pre-determined distance; as the rod stops, the momentum of the berries is converted to detachment force applied to the abscission zone of each berry. The abscission potential can be evaluated as a percentage of fruit detached from cluster under given conditions. The instrument was constructed for robust and adjustable experimental use. It is shown that the abscission percentage for both table grapes and cluster cherry tomatoes was proportional to the free-fall distance. By using the instrument, we showed that the abscission potential of cluster cherry tomatoes was low during the first 2 weeks of storage and that it increased thereafter. Storage of cluster cherry tomatoes at 7°C resulted in significantly less abscission than at 12°C, as assessed either by manual shaking or by using the instrument. Treatment of grapes with the cytokinin-like compound forchlorfenthuron at 4mgL-1 during the early stages of fruit development resulted in significant reduction in abscission potential. These results demonstrate that the method can be used as a reliable experimental tool for objective evaluation of abscission potential. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Note:
Related Files :
Lycopersicon esculentum
Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme
Rachis
Shatter
Table grapes
Vitaceae
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.postharvbio.2012.12.012
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29384
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:46
Scientific Publication
A method for evaluating fruit abscission potential of grapes and cherry tomato clusters
79
Vinokur, Y., Department of Postharvest Science, Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Rodov, V., Department of Postharvest Science, Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Levi, A., Department of Postharvest Science, Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Kaplunov, T., Department of Postharvest Science, Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Zutahy, Y., Department of Postharvest Science, Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Lichter, A., Department of Postharvest Science, Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
A method for evaluating fruit abscission potential of grapes and cherry tomato clusters
Abscission is an important postharvest factor for table grapes and cluster cherry tomatoes. There are methods to measure the individual fruit removal force but until now there has been no objective method to study the abscission at a whole cluster level. The working principle of the instrument is that a cluster is attached to a rod which is allowed to fall freely for a pre-determined distance; as the rod stops, the momentum of the berries is converted to detachment force applied to the abscission zone of each berry. The abscission potential can be evaluated as a percentage of fruit detached from cluster under given conditions. The instrument was constructed for robust and adjustable experimental use. It is shown that the abscission percentage for both table grapes and cluster cherry tomatoes was proportional to the free-fall distance. By using the instrument, we showed that the abscission potential of cluster cherry tomatoes was low during the first 2 weeks of storage and that it increased thereafter. Storage of cluster cherry tomatoes at 7°C resulted in significantly less abscission than at 12°C, as assessed either by manual shaking or by using the instrument. Treatment of grapes with the cytokinin-like compound forchlorfenthuron at 4mgL-1 during the early stages of fruit development resulted in significant reduction in abscission potential. These results demonstrate that the method can be used as a reliable experimental tool for objective evaluation of abscission potential. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Scientific Publication
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